October 5, 2022

October 5th, 2022

TXPR closed at 572.75, up 0.53% on the day. Volume today was 1.43-million, fifth-highest of the past 21 trading days.

CPD closed at 11.35, up 0.35% on the day. Volume was 81,670, near the median of the past 21 trading days.

ZPR closed at 9.51, up 0.21% on the day. Volume was 233,840, well above the median of the past 21 trading days.

Five-year Canada yields were up sharply to 3.46% today.

Apparently:

U.S. private employers stepped up hiring in September, the ADP National Employment report on Wednesday showed, suggesting rising rates and tighter financial conditions have yet to curb labor demand as the Fed battles high inflation.

The Institute for Supply Management’s services industry employment gauge shot up in another sign labour remains strong as the overall industry slowed modestly in September.

The Fed is expected to deliver a fourth straight 75-basis-point rate hike when policymakers meet Nov. 1-2, the pricing of fed fund futures shows, according to CME’s FedWatch tool.

San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly told Bloomberg TV in an interview that inflation is problematic and that the U.S. central bank would stay the course.

“The path is clear: we are going to raise rates to restrictive territory, then hold them there for a while,” she said. “We are committed to bringing inflation down, staying course until we are well and truly done.”

PerpetualDiscounts now yield 6.48%, equivalent to 8.42% interest at the standard equivalency factor of 1.3x. Long corporates continue to yield 5.00%, so the pre-tax interest-equivalent spread (in this context, the “Seniority Spread”) has eased to 340bp from the 355bp reported September 28.

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -3.1809 % 2,340.1
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -3.1809 % 4,488.4
Floater 7.83 % 7.71 % 49,035 11.72 2 -3.1809 % 2,586.7
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3333 % 3,392.8
SplitShare 4.95 % 6.34 % 33,747 3.08 7 0.3333 % 4,051.7
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3333 % 3,161.3
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.0254 % 2,685.9
Perpetual-Discount 6.34 % 6.48 % 72,869 13.21 33 -0.0254 % 2,928.9
FixedReset Disc 5.21 % 6.94 % 90,643 12.79 63 0.3461 % 2,295.5
Insurance Straight 6.28 % 6.33 % 74,631 13.43 19 0.1734 % 2,866.2
FloatingReset 8.62 % 8.92 % 36,148 10.49 2 0.4537 % 2,516.1
FixedReset Prem 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3461 % 2,429.4
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3461 % 2,346.5
FixedReset Ins Non 5.41 % 7.50 % 43,201 12.46 14 0.5233 % 2,328.6
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BAM.PR.B Floater -6.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 11.85
Evaluated at bid price : 11.85
Bid-YTW : 8.14 %
MIC.PR.A Perpetual-Discount -3.46 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.26
Evaluated at bid price : 19.26
Bid-YTW : 7.08 %
MFC.PR.B Insurance Straight -1.85 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.56
Evaluated at bid price : 18.56
Bid-YTW : 6.33 %
NA.PR.G FixedReset Disc -1.80 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.31
Evaluated at bid price : 21.59
Bid-YTW : 6.89 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset Disc -1.79 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 16.50
Evaluated at bid price : 16.50
Bid-YTW : 8.01 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset Disc -1.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 11.56
Evaluated at bid price : 11.56
Bid-YTW : 8.65 %
TD.PF.J FixedReset Disc -1.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.62
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 6.85 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc -1.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 16.30
Evaluated at bid price : 16.30
Bid-YTW : 8.56 %
MFC.PR.C Insurance Straight -1.19 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.23
Evaluated at bid price : 18.23
Bid-YTW : 6.24 %
CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount -1.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 17.99
Evaluated at bid price : 17.99
Bid-YTW : 6.35 %
IFC.PR.K Perpetual-Discount -1.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.07
Evaluated at bid price : 21.07
Bid-YTW : 6.28 %
BAM.PR.M Perpetual-Discount -1.10 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.06
Evaluated at bid price : 18.06
Bid-YTW : 6.64 %
CU.PR.J Perpetual-Discount -1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.65
Evaluated at bid price : 18.65
Bid-YTW : 6.46 %
RY.PR.J FixedReset Disc 1.05 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 20.17
Evaluated at bid price : 20.17
Bid-YTW : 6.93 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 20.92
Evaluated at bid price : 20.92
Bid-YTW : 7.47 %
GWO.PR.R Insurance Straight 1.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.90
Evaluated at bid price : 18.90
Bid-YTW : 6.41 %
IAF.PR.I FixedReset Ins Non 1.11 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.48
Evaluated at bid price : 21.80
Bid-YTW : 6.89 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset Disc 1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 12.68
Evaluated at bid price : 12.68
Bid-YTW : 8.35 %
PWF.PR.F Perpetual-Discount 1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 20.64
Evaluated at bid price : 20.64
Bid-YTW : 6.50 %
CCS.PR.C Insurance Straight 1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 6.00 %
GWO.PR.P Insurance Straight 1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 6.49 %
POW.PR.B Perpetual-Discount 1.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 20.55
Evaluated at bid price : 20.55
Bid-YTW : 6.55 %
FTS.PR.M FixedReset Disc 1.36 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 17.89
Evaluated at bid price : 17.89
Bid-YTW : 7.75 %
IFC.PR.E Insurance Straight 1.37 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.50
Evaluated at bid price : 21.50
Bid-YTW : 6.10 %
TRP.PR.G FixedReset Disc 1.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 17.85
Evaluated at bid price : 17.85
Bid-YTW : 7.86 %
PWF.PR.R Perpetual-Discount 1.56 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.28
Evaluated at bid price : 21.55
Bid-YTW : 6.50 %
RY.PR.H FixedReset Disc 1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.35
Evaluated at bid price : 19.35
Bid-YTW : 6.94 %
TD.PF.M FixedReset Disc 1.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 23.39
Evaluated at bid price : 24.40
Bid-YTW : 6.87 %
BAM.PF.J FixedReset Disc 1.73 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 22.53
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 6.75 %
CU.PR.H Perpetual-Discount 2.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.18
Evaluated at bid price : 21.18
Bid-YTW : 6.29 %
RY.PR.M FixedReset Disc 2.30 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 6.84 %
BAM.PR.R FixedReset Disc 2.64 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 14.80
Evaluated at bid price : 14.80
Bid-YTW : 8.41 %
MFC.PR.N FixedReset Ins Non 2.72 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 17.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.00
Bid-YTW : 7.79 %
BMO.PR.Y FixedReset Disc 3.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 20.10
Evaluated at bid price : 20.10
Bid-YTW : 6.83 %
BMO.PR.T FixedReset Disc 4.00 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.24
Evaluated at bid price : 19.24
Bid-YTW : 6.95 %
CM.PR.P FixedReset Disc 4.17 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.75
Evaluated at bid price : 18.75
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
BMO.PR.T FixedReset Disc 107,150 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.24
Evaluated at bid price : 19.24
Bid-YTW : 6.95 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset Ins Non 63,040 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 16.56
Evaluated at bid price : 16.56
Bid-YTW : 7.55 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset Disc 55,825 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 16.40
Evaluated at bid price : 16.40
Bid-YTW : 8.34 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset Disc 47,300 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 12.68
Evaluated at bid price : 12.68
Bid-YTW : 8.35 %
BMO.PR.S FixedReset Disc 36,550 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.72
Evaluated at bid price : 19.72
Bid-YTW : 6.96 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset Disc 35,500 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 17.85
Evaluated at bid price : 17.85
Bid-YTW : 8.24 %
There were 12 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
BAM.PR.R FixedReset Disc Quote: 14.80 – 16.80
Spot Rate : 2.0000
Average : 1.1793

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 14.80
Evaluated at bid price : 14.80
Bid-YTW : 8.41 %

TRP.PR.B FixedReset Disc Quote: 11.56 – 13.05
Spot Rate : 1.4900
Average : 0.8661

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 11.56
Evaluated at bid price : 11.56
Bid-YTW : 8.65 %

BAM.PR.M Perpetual-Discount Quote: 18.06 – 19.60
Spot Rate : 1.5400
Average : 1.1264

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 18.06
Evaluated at bid price : 18.06
Bid-YTW : 6.64 %

NA.PR.G FixedReset Disc Quote: 21.59 – 22.63
Spot Rate : 1.0400
Average : 0.6540

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 21.31
Evaluated at bid price : 21.59
Bid-YTW : 6.89 %

CM.PR.O FixedReset Disc Quote: 19.10 – 20.60
Spot Rate : 1.5000
Average : 1.1257

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 19.10
Evaluated at bid price : 19.10
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %

BAM.PR.B Floater Quote: 11.85 – 12.70
Spot Rate : 0.8500
Average : 0.4869

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-05
Maturity Price : 11.85
Evaluated at bid price : 11.85
Bid-YTW : 8.14 %

MAPF Portfolio Composition: September 2022

October 4th, 2022

Turnover declined to a miserable 1% in September as liquidity continued to decline. Market volumes have been very low for quite some time, having never really recovered from the usual summer decline in 2021.

Sectoral distribution of the MAPF portfolio on September 30, 2022, were:

MAPF Sectoral Analysis 2022-9-30
HIMI Indices Sector Weighting YTW ModDur
Ratchet 0% N/A N/A
FixFloat 0% N/A N/A
Floater 0% N/A N/A
OpRet 0% N/A N/A
SplitShare 0% N/A N/A
Interest Rearing 0% N/A N/A
PerpetualPremium 0% N/A N/A
PerpetualDiscount 6.4% 6.91% 12.69
Fixed-Reset Discount 49.2% 8.28% 11.84
Insurance – Straight 2.0% 6.37% 13.39
FloatingReset 0% N/A N/A
FixedReset Premium 0% N/A N/A
FixedReset Bank non-NVCC 0% N/A N/A
FixedReset Insurance non-NVCC 30.4% 7.96% 12.26
Scraps – Ratchet 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – FixedFloater 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – Floater 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – OpRet 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – SplitShare 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – PerpPrem 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – PerpDisc 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – FR Discount 11.7% 8.85% 11.36
Scraps – Insurance Straight 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – FloatingReset 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – FR Premium 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – Bank non-NVCC 0% N/A N/A
Scraps – Ins non-NVCC 0% N/A N/A
Cash +0.3% 0.00% 0.00
Total 100% 8.10% 11.96
Totals and changes will not add precisely due to rounding. Cash is included in totals with duration and yield both equal to zero.
The various “Scraps” indices include issues with a DBRS rating of Pfd-3(high) or lower and issues with an Average Trading Value (calculated with HIMIPref™ methodology, which is relatively complex) of less than $25,000. The issues considered “Scraps” are subdivided into indices which reflect those of the main indices.
DeemedRetractibles were comprised of all Straight Perpetuals (both PerpetualDiscount and PerpetualPremium) issued by BMO, BNS, CM, ELF, GWO, HSB, IAG, MFC, NA, RY, SLF and TD, which are not exchangable into common at the option of the company or the regulator. These issues are analyzed as if their prospectuses included a requirement to redeem at par on or prior to 2022-1-31 in the case of banks or normally in the case of insurers and insurance holding companies, in addition to the call schedule explicitly defined. See the Deemed Retractible Review: September 2016 for the rationale behind this analysis and IAIS Says No To DeemedRetractions for the recent change in policy with respect to insurers.

Note that the estimate for the time this will become effective for insurers and insurance holding companies was extended by three years in April 2013, due to the delays in OSFI’s providing clarity on the issue and by a further five years in December, 2018; the estimate was eliminated in November. However, the distinctions are being kept because it is useful to distinguish insurance issues from others.

The name of this subindex has been changed to “Insurance Straight” as of November, 2020

Calculations of resettable instruments are performed assuming a constant GOC-5 rate of 3.45%, a constant 3-Month Bill rate of 3.60% and a constant Canada Prime Rate of 5.45%

The “total” reflects the un-leveraged total portfolio (i.e., cash is included in the portfolio calculations and is deemed to have a duration and yield of 0.00.). MAPF will often have relatively large cash balances, both credit and debit, to facilitate trading. Figures presented in the table have been rounded to the indicated precision.

Credit distribution is:

MAPF Credit Analysis 2022-9-30
DBRS Rating MAPF Weighting
Pfd-1 0
Pfd-1(low) 0
Pfd-2(high) 43.9%
Pfd-2 10.9%
Pfd-2(low) 33.1%
Pfd-3(high) 3.5%
Pfd-3 4.9%
Pfd-3(low) 1.2%
Pfd-4(high) 1.2%
Pfd-4 0.9%
Pfd-4(low) 0%
Pfd-5(high) 0%
Pfd-5 0%
Cash +0.3%
Totals will not add precisely due to rounding.
A position held in INE.PR.A is not rated by DBRS nor by S&P, but has been included as “Pfd-4(high)” in the above table on the basis of its last S&P rating of P-4(high) and its BB rating from Fitch. A “BB” rating would normally map to Pfd-3, but the company’s disdain for the two major preferred share agencies makes me nervous.
A position is held in CF.PR.A which is no longer rated by DBRS, but has been included in the table with a deemed rating of Pfd-4; the final DBRS rating was Pfd-4(high), but I’m taking it down a notch for reporting purposes because the lack of a rating makes me nervous.

Liquidity Distribution is:

MAPF Liquidity Analysis 2022-9-30
Average Daily Trading MAPF Weighting
<$50,000 52.2%
$50,000 – $100,000 26.8%
$100,000 – $200,000 19.6%
$200,000 – $300,000 1.2%
>$300,000 0%
Cash +0.3%
Totals will not add precisely due to rounding.

The distribution of Issue Reset Spreads is:

Range MAPF Weight
<100bp 0%
100-149bp 21.8%
150-199bp 28.8%
200-249bp 28.2%
250-299bp 6.0%
300-349bp 2.8%
350-399bp 3.7%
400-449bp 0%
450-499bp 0%
500-549bp 0%
550-599bp 0%
>= 600bp 0%
Undefined 8.6%

Distribution of Floating Rate Start Dates is shown in the table below. This is the date of the next adjustment to the dividend rate, if the issue is currently paying a fixed rate for a limited time; which in practice is successive terms of 5 years. Issues that adjust quarterly are considered “Currently Floating”.

Range MAPF Weight
Currently Floating 0%
0-1 Year 8.6%
1-2 Years 9.2%
2-3 Years 33.2%
3-4 Years 34.7%
4-5 Years 5.6%
5-6 Years 0%
>6 Years 0%
Not Floating Rate 8.6%

MAPF is, of course, Malachite Aggressive Preferred Fund, a “unit trust” managed by Hymas Investment Management Inc. Further information and links to performance, audited financials and subscription information are available the fund’s web page. The fund may be purchased directly from Hymas Investment Management. A “unit trust” is like a regular mutual fund, but are not sold with a prospectus. This is cheaper, but means subscription is restricted to “accredited investors” (as defined by the Ontario Securities Commission). Fund past performances are not a guarantee of future performance. You can lose money investing in MAPF or any other fund.

October 4, 2022

October 4th, 2022

TXPR closed at 569.72, down 0.53% on the day. Volume today was 1.46-million, third-highest of the past 21 trading days.

CPD closed at 11.31, down 0.53% on the day. Volume was 103,020, above the median of the past 21 trading days.

ZPR closed at 9.49, down 0.63% on the day. Volume was 250,400, third-highest of the past 21 trading days.

Five-year Canada yields were up a few beeps to 3.30% today.

I really don’t know how low this market can go. Yields are already phenomenally high due to pending dividend increases and current price declines. I had some vague hopes that the reset of TD.PF.I to 6.301% would spark a little interest, but it appears that the market is sneering at a mere 6.3% preferred dividend yield from a major bank.

I am left with the suspicion that the market is expecting an imminent recession and the return of near-zero yields:

U.S. and Canadian stocks rallied for a second straight day on Tuesday after softer U.S. economic data and a smaller-than-expected interest rate hike by the Australian central bank stirred hope that the Federal Reserve might temper its aggressive raising of rates. After gaining 2.4% on Monday, the Canadian benchmark stock index rose almost another 2.6% for its best gain in two-and-a-half years.

While labour demand remains fairly strong, U.S. job openings fell by the most in nearly 2-1/2 years in August in a sign the Fed’s mission to tame inflation by hiking rates was working to slow the economy.

Earlier, the Reserve Bank of Australia surprised markets with a smaller-than-expected interest rate hike of 25 basis points. Its cash rate rose to a nine-year peak after six rate hikes in as many months in a tightening cycle other central banks are engaged in as well.

Still, Fed Governor Philip Jefferson said inflation is the most serious problem facing the U.S. central bank and it “may take some time” to address. San Francisco Fed President Mary Daly said the central bank needs to deliver more rate hikes.

How long will it take before the market decides that a 3.25% yield on five year Canada’s when inflation expectations are 2% is reasonably normal and that 0.5% with the same expectations is grossly abnormal? Will we all be dead by then?

The Delaware Court of Chancery released a trove of Elon Musk’s eMails (Exhibit H, page 82 of the PDF) that are public due to his lawsuit with Twitter. Reading them is, apparently, an emperor has no clothes moment:

What is so illuminating about the Musk messages is just how unimpressive, unimaginative, and sycophantic the powerful men in Musk’s contacts appear to be. Whoever said there are no bad ideas in brainstorming never had access to Elon Musk’s phone.

In no time, the texts were the central subject of discussion among tech workers and watchers. “The dominant reaction from all the threads I’m in is Everyone looks fucking dumb,” one former social-media executive, whom I’ve granted anonymity because they have relationships with many of the people in Musk’s texts, told me. “It’s been a general Is this really how business is done? There’s no real strategic thought or analysis. It’s just emotional and done without any real care for consequence.”

I have long taken the view that hard (and smart!) work and good ideas will get you a decent life and a lottery ticket. If your ticket is a winner, you can get unimaginably rich and there’s nothing more to the process than that; but if your ticket doesn’t come up, at least you’ve still got the decent life! Before entering the full-time workforce, I thought that the business world was run by smart, careful individuals who spent a lot of time checking their data and considering arguments. Then I started working and …. nahhhhh.

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1992 % 2,417.0
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1992 % 4,635.8
Floater 7.58 % 7.62 % 60,350 11.83 2 0.1992 % 2,671.6
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.5239 % 3,381.5
SplitShare 4.97 % 6.33 % 34,239 3.09 7 0.5239 % 4,038.2
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.5239 % 3,150.8
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.6904 % 2,686.6
Perpetual-Discount 6.34 % 6.48 % 70,920 13.19 33 0.6904 % 2,929.6
FixedReset Disc 5.23 % 7.01 % 90,459 12.66 63 -1.3780 % 2,287.6
Insurance Straight 6.29 % 6.30 % 74,301 13.50 19 0.5633 % 2,861.3
FloatingReset 8.66 % 9.00 % 36,215 10.42 2 -1.2796 % 2,504.8
FixedReset Prem 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -1.3780 % 2,421.1
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -1.3780 % 2,338.4
FixedReset Ins Non 5.44 % 7.53 % 44,852 12.40 14 -0.8793 % 2,316.5
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BMO.PR.Y FixedReset Disc -7.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.43
Evaluated at bid price : 19.43
Bid-YTW : 7.05 %
CM.PR.P FixedReset Disc -7.22 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 7.29 %
BMO.PR.T FixedReset Disc -5.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 7.22 %
CM.PR.O FixedReset Disc -3.66 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.93
Evaluated at bid price : 18.93
Bid-YTW : 7.07 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset Disc -3.61 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 12.54
Evaluated at bid price : 12.54
Bid-YTW : 8.44 %
RY.PR.H FixedReset Disc -3.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.05
Evaluated at bid price : 19.05
Bid-YTW : 7.04 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset Disc -3.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.95
Evaluated at bid price : 18.95
Bid-YTW : 7.05 %
TD.PF.B FixedReset Disc -3.26 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.97
Evaluated at bid price : 18.97
Bid-YTW : 7.12 %
RY.PR.M FixedReset Disc -3.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.16
Evaluated at bid price : 19.16
Bid-YTW : 6.99 %
TD.PF.D FixedReset Disc -3.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 20.40
Evaluated at bid price : 20.40
Bid-YTW : 6.88 %
TRP.PR.G FixedReset Disc -2.98 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 17.59
Evaluated at bid price : 17.59
Bid-YTW : 7.97 %
BMO.PR.W FixedReset Disc -2.82 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.96
Evaluated at bid price : 18.96
Bid-YTW : 7.03 %
BMO.PR.E FixedReset Disc -2.74 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.86
Evaluated at bid price : 22.38
Bid-YTW : 6.63 %
TD.PF.J FixedReset Disc -2.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.82
Evaluated at bid price : 22.30
Bid-YTW : 6.75 %
TD.PF.K FixedReset Disc -2.47 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.43
Evaluated at bid price : 21.75
Bid-YTW : 6.76 %
IAF.PR.I FixedReset Ins Non -2.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.56
Evaluated at bid price : 21.56
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
TD.PF.I FixedReset Disc -2.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 22.82
Evaluated at bid price : 24.10
Bid-YTW : 6.58 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc -2.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.20
Evaluated at bid price : 19.20
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
BMO.PR.S FixedReset Disc -2.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.55
Evaluated at bid price : 19.55
Bid-YTW : 7.02 %
RY.PR.J FixedReset Disc -2.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.96
Evaluated at bid price : 19.96
Bid-YTW : 7.00 %
TD.PF.E FixedReset Disc -2.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 20.55
Evaluated at bid price : 20.55
Bid-YTW : 6.86 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset Ins Non -2.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 12.73
Evaluated at bid price : 12.73
Bid-YTW : 8.06 %
NA.PR.S FixedReset Disc -2.05 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 7.12 %
TD.PF.C FixedReset Disc -2.04 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.16
Evaluated at bid price : 19.16
Bid-YTW : 6.99 %
CM.PR.S FixedReset Disc -1.98 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 22.12
Evaluated at bid price : 22.75
Bid-YTW : 6.23 %
BNS.PR.I FixedReset Disc -1.91 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.31
Evaluated at bid price : 21.59
Bid-YTW : 6.52 %
IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount -1.91 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.77
Evaluated at bid price : 22.12
Bid-YTW : 6.14 %
RY.PR.S FixedReset Disc -1.84 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.35
Evaluated at bid price : 21.35
Bid-YTW : 6.62 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset Disc -1.78 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.00
Bid-YTW : 8.37 %
TRP.PR.F FloatingReset -1.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 15.75
Evaluated at bid price : 15.75
Bid-YTW : 9.00 %
MFC.PR.N FixedReset Ins Non -1.61 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.55
Evaluated at bid price : 16.55
Bid-YTW : 8.00 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset Disc -1.59 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.14
Evaluated at bid price : 16.14
Bid-YTW : 8.39 %
BAM.PR.R FixedReset Disc -1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 14.42
Evaluated at bid price : 14.42
Bid-YTW : 8.62 %
NA.PR.E FixedReset Disc -1.52 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.67
Evaluated at bid price : 22.07
Bid-YTW : 6.66 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset Disc -1.47 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.80
Evaluated at bid price : 16.80
Bid-YTW : 7.87 %
BIP.PR.F FixedReset Disc -1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 20.71
Evaluated at bid price : 20.71
Bid-YTW : 7.41 %
NA.PR.W FixedReset Disc -1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.10
Evaluated at bid price : 19.10
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset Disc -1.26 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 11.75
Evaluated at bid price : 11.75
Bid-YTW : 8.52 %
MFC.PR.M FixedReset Ins Non -1.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.89
Evaluated at bid price : 16.89
Bid-YTW : 7.99 %
MFC.PR.L FixedReset Ins Non -1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.70
Evaluated at bid price : 16.70
Bid-YTW : 7.92 %
FTS.PR.M FixedReset Disc -1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 17.65
Evaluated at bid price : 17.65
Bid-YTW : 7.85 %
IFC.PR.E Insurance Straight -1.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.21
Evaluated at bid price : 21.21
Bid-YTW : 6.18 %
PWF.PR.L Perpetual-Discount 1.02 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.90
Evaluated at bid price : 19.90
Bid-YTW : 6.55 %
FTS.PR.J Perpetual-Discount 1.03 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 6.15 %
BAM.PF.C Perpetual-Discount 1.03 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.55
Evaluated at bid price : 18.55
Bid-YTW : 6.60 %
CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount 1.11 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.20
Evaluated at bid price : 18.20
Bid-YTW : 6.27 %
PWF.PR.H Perpetual-Discount 1.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 22.17
Evaluated at bid price : 22.45
Bid-YTW : 6.53 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset Disc 1.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 17.80
Evaluated at bid price : 17.80
Bid-YTW : 8.11 %
CU.PR.E Perpetual-Discount 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 6.34 %
MFC.PR.C Insurance Straight 1.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.45
Evaluated at bid price : 18.45
Bid-YTW : 6.16 %
IFC.PR.K Perpetual-Discount 1.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.31
Evaluated at bid price : 21.31
Bid-YTW : 6.21 %
POW.PR.C Perpetual-Discount 1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 22.39
Evaluated at bid price : 22.65
Bid-YTW : 6.42 %
PVS.PR.K SplitShare 2.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2029-05-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.15
Bid-YTW : 6.70 %
BAM.PF.D Perpetual-Discount 2.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.90
Evaluated at bid price : 18.90
Bid-YTW : 6.54 %
BAM.PR.N Perpetual-Discount 2.95 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 6.48 %
ELF.PR.H Perpetual-Discount 4.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.49
Evaluated at bid price : 21.75
Bid-YTW : 6.34 %
IFC.PR.F Insurance Straight 6.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 21.76
Evaluated at bid price : 21.76
Bid-YTW : 6.14 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
TD.PF.I FixedReset Disc 60,290 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 22.82
Evaluated at bid price : 24.10
Bid-YTW : 6.58 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset Disc 55,300 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.95
Evaluated at bid price : 18.95
Bid-YTW : 7.05 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 39,905 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.20
Evaluated at bid price : 19.20
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset Disc 27,550 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 16.29
Evaluated at bid price : 16.29
Bid-YTW : 8.40 %
BMO.PR.T FixedReset Disc 27,390 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 7.22 %
TD.PF.D FixedReset Disc 21,877 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 20.40
Evaluated at bid price : 20.40
Bid-YTW : 6.88 %
There were 15 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
MIC.PR.A Perpetual-Discount Quote: 19.95 – 28.99
Spot Rate : 9.0400
Average : 5.6998

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.95
Evaluated at bid price : 19.95
Bid-YTW : 6.83 %

IFC.PR.G FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 19.36 – 22.25
Spot Rate : 2.8900
Average : 1.6710

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 19.36
Evaluated at bid price : 19.36
Bid-YTW : 7.53 %

PWF.PR.S Perpetual-Discount Quote: 18.79 – 20.44
Spot Rate : 1.6500
Average : 0.9784

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.79
Evaluated at bid price : 18.79
Bid-YTW : 6.52 %

BIP.PR.F FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.71 – 22.95
Spot Rate : 2.2400
Average : 1.7916

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 20.71
Evaluated at bid price : 20.71
Bid-YTW : 7.41 %

CM.PR.P FixedReset Disc Quote: 18.00 – 19.95
Spot Rate : 1.9500
Average : 1.5145

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 7.29 %

TD.PF.A FixedReset Disc Quote: 18.95 – 20.39
Spot Rate : 1.4400
Average : 1.0701

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-04
Maturity Price : 18.95
Evaluated at bid price : 18.95
Bid-YTW : 7.05 %

October 3, 2022

October 3rd, 2022
HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.2797 % 2,412.2
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.2797 % 4,626.6
Floater 7.60 % 7.65 % 60,082 11.80 2 0.2797 % 2,666.3
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.2190 % 3,363.9
SplitShare 5.07 % 6.52 % 32,534 3.09 7 -0.2190 % 4,017.2
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.2190 % 3,134.4
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.5171 % 2,668.2
Perpetual-Discount 6.38 % 6.54 % 70,793 13.11 33 0.5171 % 2,909.5
FixedReset Disc 5.11 % 6.86 % 87,549 12.95 54 0.0164 % 2,319.6
Insurance Straight 6.32 % 6.40 % 76,878 13.37 19 0.5123 % 2,845.3
FloatingReset 8.55 % 8.85 % 36,292 10.56 2 0.4822 % 2,537.2
FixedReset Prem 5.38 % 6.89 % 96,110 12.65 9 -0.0326 % 2,454.9
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0164 % 2,371.1
FixedReset Ins Non 5.50 % 7.46 % 59,414 12.47 13 0.0257 % 2,337.0
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
IFC.PR.F Insurance Straight -4.96 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.50
Evaluated at bid price : 20.50
Bid-YTW : 6.52 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset Disc -2.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.05
Evaluated at bid price : 17.05
Bid-YTW : 7.76 %
TRP.PR.G FixedReset Disc -1.95 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.13
Evaluated at bid price : 18.13
Bid-YTW : 7.75 %
CU.PR.C FixedReset Disc -1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.99
Evaluated at bid price : 19.99
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %
RY.PR.S FixedReset Disc -1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.42
Evaluated at bid price : 21.75
Bid-YTW : 6.48 %
NA.PR.W FixedReset Disc -1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.35
Evaluated at bid price : 19.35
Bid-YTW : 6.89 %
IFC.PR.K Perpetual-Discount -1.36 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 6.30 %
BAM.PF.I FixedReset Prem -1.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.66
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 7.52 %
PVS.PR.H SplitShare -1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2027-02-28
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.81
Bid-YTW : 6.07 %
NA.PR.S FixedReset Disc -1.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.01
Evaluated at bid price : 20.01
Bid-YTW : 6.97 %
BMO.PR.T FixedReset Disc -1.02 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.50
Evaluated at bid price : 19.50
Bid-YTW : 6.85 %
PWF.PR.O Perpetual-Discount 1.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 22.06
Evaluated at bid price : 22.35
Bid-YTW : 6.61 %
BAM.PR.M Perpetual-Discount 1.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.13
Evaluated at bid price : 18.13
Bid-YTW : 6.61 %
MFC.PR.B Insurance Straight 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.81
Evaluated at bid price : 18.81
Bid-YTW : 6.25 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset Ins Non 1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.40
Evaluated at bid price : 18.40
Bid-YTW : 7.45 %
SLF.PR.C Insurance Straight 1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.95
Evaluated at bid price : 17.95
Bid-YTW : 6.25 %
GWO.PR.G Insurance Straight 1.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.25
Evaluated at bid price : 20.25
Bid-YTW : 6.48 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset Disc 1.55 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 16.40
Evaluated at bid price : 16.40
Bid-YTW : 8.26 %
RY.PR.H FixedReset Disc 1.60 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.71
Evaluated at bid price : 19.71
Bid-YTW : 6.81 %
GWO.PR.T Insurance Straight 1.70 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.30
Evaluated at bid price : 20.30
Bid-YTW : 6.40 %
SLF.PR.E Insurance Straight 1.78 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.34
Evaluated at bid price : 18.34
Bid-YTW : 6.19 %
MIC.PR.A Perpetual-Discount 2.03 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.10
Evaluated at bid price : 20.10
Bid-YTW : 6.78 %
MFC.PR.C Insurance Straight 2.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.21
Evaluated at bid price : 18.21
Bid-YTW : 6.24 %
RY.PR.M FixedReset Disc 2.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.80
Evaluated at bid price : 19.80
Bid-YTW : 6.77 %
IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount 2.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 22.19
Evaluated at bid price : 22.55
Bid-YTW : 6.02 %
CM.PR.P FixedReset Disc 3.36 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 19.40
Evaluated at bid price : 19.40
Bid-YTW : 6.77 %
BMO.PR.Y FixedReset Disc 3.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 6.55 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc 4.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 16.42
Evaluated at bid price : 16.42
Bid-YTW : 8.50 %
GWO.PR.Y Insurance Straight 4.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 6.30 %
CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount 5.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 6.34 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
BAM.PR.N Perpetual-Discount 32,700 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.97
Evaluated at bid price : 17.97
Bid-YTW : 6.67 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset Disc 26,600 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.75
Evaluated at bid price : 17.75
Bid-YTW : 8.28 %
BAM.PF.D Perpetual-Discount 15,400 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 6.68 %
SLF.PR.C Insurance Straight 10,300 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.95
Evaluated at bid price : 17.95
Bid-YTW : 6.25 %
BAM.PR.K Floater 10,100 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 12.50
Evaluated at bid price : 12.50
Bid-YTW : 7.71 %
RS.PR.A SplitShare 10,000 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-12-31
Maturity Price : 10.00
Evaluated at bid price : 9.80
Bid-YTW : 5.92 %
There were 0 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
IFC.PR.F Insurance Straight Quote: 20.50 – 22.32
Spot Rate : 1.8200
Average : 1.3033

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.50
Evaluated at bid price : 20.50
Bid-YTW : 6.52 %

RY.PR.J FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.40 – 22.15
Spot Rate : 1.7500
Average : 1.2374

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.40
Evaluated at bid price : 20.40
Bid-YTW : 6.85 %

RY.PR.O Perpetual-Discount Quote: 21.43 – 23.50
Spot Rate : 2.0700
Average : 1.5732

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.43
Evaluated at bid price : 21.43
Bid-YTW : 5.80 %

GWO.PR.P Insurance Straight Quote: 20.60 – 22.30
Spot Rate : 1.7000
Average : 1.2111

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 20.60
Evaluated at bid price : 20.60
Bid-YTW : 6.61 %

MFC.PR.M FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 17.10 – 19.05
Spot Rate : 1.9500
Average : 1.4909

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 17.10
Evaluated at bid price : 17.10
Bid-YTW : 7.89 %

BNS.PR.I FixedReset Disc Quote: 22.01 – 23.55
Spot Rate : 1.5400
Average : 1.1223

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-10-03
Maturity Price : 21.61
Evaluated at bid price : 22.01
Bid-YTW : 6.39 %

TD.PF.I To Reset To 6.301%

October 3rd, 2022

The Toronto-Dominion Bank has announced:

that it does not intend to exercise its right to redeem all or any part of the currently outstanding 14 million Non-Cumulative 5-Year Rate Reset Preferred Shares, Series 16 (Non-Viability Contingent Capital (NVCC)) (the “Series 16 Shares”) of TD on October 31, 2022. As a result, and subject to certain conditions set out in the prospectus supplement dated July 7, 2017 relating to the issuance of the Series 16 Shares, the holders of the Series 16 Shares have the right to convert all or part of their Series 16 Shares, on a one-for-one basis, into Non-Cumulative Floating Rate Preferred Shares, Series 17 (NVCC) (the “Series 17 Shares”) of TD on October 31, 2022. Holders who do not exercise their right to convert their Series 16 Shares into Series 17 Shares on such date will continue to hold their Series 16 Shares.

The foregoing conversion right is subject to the conditions that: (i) if TD determines that there would be less than 1,000,000 Series 17 Shares outstanding after taking into account all shares tendered for conversion on October 31, 2022, then holders of Series 16 Shares will not be entitled to convert their shares into Series 17 Shares, and (ii) alternatively, if TD determines that there would remain outstanding less than 1,000,000 Series 16 Shares after taking into account all shares tendered for conversion on October 31, 2022, then all remaining Series 16 Shares will automatically be converted into Series 17 Shares on a one-for-one basis on October 31, 2022. In either case, TD will give written notice to that effect to holders of Series 16 Shares no later than October 24, 2022.

The dividend rate applicable to the Series 16 Shares for the 5-year period from and including October 31, 2022 to but excluding October 31, 2027 is 6.301%. The dividend rate applicable to the Series 17 Shares for the 3-month period from and including October 31, 2022 to but excluding January 31, 2023, is 6.662%.

Beneficial owners of Series 16 Shares who wish to exercise their conversion right should communicate as soon as possible with their broker or other nominee to obtain instructions for exercising such right during the conversion period, which runs from the date hereof until 5:00 p.m. (Toronto time) on October 17, 2022.

TD.PF.I was issued as a FixedReset, 4.50%+301, NVCC-compliant issue that commenced trading 2017-7-14 after being announced 2017-07-05. It is tracked by HIMIPref™ and is assigned to the FixedResets (Discount) subindex.

Thanks to Assiduous Reader CanSiamCyp for bringing this to my attention!

September 30, 2022

September 30th, 2022

TXPR closed at 571.13, down 0.85% on the day. Volume today was 610,570, lowest of the past 21 trading days.

CPD closed at 11.38, down 0.35% on the day. Volume was 76,520, above the median of the past 21 trading days.

ZPR closed at 9.57, down 0.21% on the day. Volume of 143,460, near the median of the past 21 trading days.

Five-year Canada yields were unchanged today, as the market was on holiday.

David Parkinson of the Globe wrote a fine column on BoC transparency, by which I mean I agree with it:

Jeremy Harrison, the bank’s managing director of communications, told reporters that the document will be a “high-level summary” of the council’s discussions, rather than anything approaching a formal transcript of its meetings.

“Given our consensus-based decision-making system, the summary won’t provide attribution to individual council members, nor will it record votes because there are no votes in our system,” he said.

It falls short of the decision-making transparency of most of the Bank of Canada’s leading global peers, which publish transcripts or minutes of their meetings, and publicly record the votes of each committee member.

The black box of policy making has become an obstacle to the central banks’ credibility, as it works feverishly to not only fight inflation, but convince the Canadian public that it can win the fight, and that it has their best interests in mind. Two and a half years of policy extremes, of uncertainty and of an inflation problem that went unchecked for too long have cultivated distrust.

The bank needs to lift the curtain and be willing to be totally up-front with those doubters, to share not only its consensus views, but the compelling, passionate dissenting opinions that colour them. It needs to put more human faces on its process – even if those faces don’t always agree.

The Canadian economy remains sluggish:

Canada’s economic activity unexpectedly edged up in July, while gross domestic product in August was most likely flat, data showed on Thursday, with the surprise gain seen unlikely to change much for the central bank.

The Canadian economy grew 0.1 per cent in July, compared with analysts’ forecast for a 0.1 per cent decline, Statistics Canada data showed. Growth in goods-producing industries more than offset the first decrease in services-producing industries since January.

“The economy fared better than anticipated this summer, but the showing still wasn’t much to write home about,” Royce Mendes, head of macro strategy at Desjardins Group, said in a note.

The slight gain in July and likely lack of growth in August suggest third-quarter annualized GDP growth of about 1 per cent, well below the Bank of Canada’s most recent forecast of 2.0 per cent, analysts said.

German inflation came in high:

Consumer prices, harmonised to make them comparable with inflation data from other European Union countries (HICP), increased by 10.9% on the year, the federal statistics office said. A Reuters poll of analysts predicted a rise of 10.0%.

That was the highest reading since comparable data going back to 1996.

The increase was due to higher costs for energy – which were 43.9% higher compared with September 2021 – after a popular cheap transport ticket offer and a fuel tax cut expired at the end of August.

I’ve missed quite a few prospective clients to the siren call of private mortgages, so it was with some satisfaction that I read about Romspen:

Romspen Investment Corp., one of Canada’s largest private debt managers, is restricting redemptions from its flagship real estate fund, as the North American mortgage market adjusts to a prolonged period of rising interest rates.

This week, Romspen told its investors looking to cash out from the Romspen Mortgage Investment Fund that they may have to wait, citing delays in loan repayments and the need to protect against loan losses. The company uses investor money to provide mortgages to higher-risk commercial developers, who typically don’t qualify for bank loans.

The fund’s ability to pay back its investors largely relies on its borrowers’ ability to refinance their debt. But soaring mortgage rates have taken a toll on the cost and availability of refinancing in commercial real estate markets in the U.S. and Canada.

In a notice to unitholders on Monday, Romspen said it can’t continue to honour investor redemptions at the pace they’re being requested.

More than $700-million has been returned to Romspen’s investors over the past 18 months, and the current redemption queue represents roughly another $325-million – about 12 per cent of the fund’s assets. The fund had $2.8-billion in assets as of the end of June.

I’ve been trying to come to grips with the recent Gilt market fiasco:

Traders had reported heavy selling of long-dated Gilts as so-called liability-driven investment strategies managing defined benefit pension schemes have been forced to raise money to fund margin calls on their portfolios. Those margin calls had threatened to create a self-reinforcing feedback loop, where rising yields precipitate more calls for collateral and further selling, pushing up yields once more.

In one example of the extremity of market moves, the yield on 30-year UK inflation-linked bonds (which have historically been popular with LDI investors) jumped from below 0% the previous week to above 2.5% on Wednesday prior to the BoE’s announcement, before falling back to 0.7% on Thursday.

“We’ve been hearing that LDI investors have had to raise collateral by selling bonds and that’s a big reason why long-dated Gilts – and inflation-linked bonds in particular – have been under so much pressure,” said Mike Riddell, a senior portfolio manager at Allianz Global Investors.

Experts note the rise in Gilt yields isn’t all bad news for UK pension funds, as it has also decreased the value of their defined benefit liabilities at the same time. Some funds that haven’t used so many derivatives to hedge their liabilities, or leveraged their Gilt holdings in repo markets, may also see the rise in yields as a buying opportunity.

“If you’re an LDI fund your overall funding level has improved because of the fall in the value of your liabilities, but it’s the cash that needs to be posted against your hedges – that’s the issue. And it’s unclear how the dynamic plays out to be honest because all LDI funds are very different,” said [senior portfolio manager at Federated Hermes, Orla] Garvey.

There is the usual attempt to defend the product:

PAN Trustees chairman Steve Delo agrees that it is the sudden stress situation that caused the problems in the market: “We have a situation where sensible decisions have been taken by pension schemes in a sensible way over the years to put on large LDI positions. LDI has served everyone very well. But in this circumstance, the aggregation of it all across the industry has resulted in panic and urgency, and that’s what we’ve had to deal with.”

Widely used investment vehicles are now not quite as flexible or as liquid as everyone perhaps thought they would be during a stress situation, he adds: “Suddenly everything becomes cumbersome, locked up, bureaucratic at a time where swift decisions need to be taken while still trying to maintain robust governance.”

But finally I found an informative Washington Post column:

1. What’s ‘liability-driven’ investment?

It’s a strategy used by pension funds to manage their assets to ensure they can meet future liabilities, thus the name. The trades are typically used by so-called defined benefit pension plans, which guarantee retirees a certain payout regardless of swings in financial markets. The strategy often involves derivatives — interest-rate swaps and other contracts that allow them to hedge their bets in case the market moves against them. To arrange them, the funds have to put up some collateral for the trade. If yields fall they make money and if yields rise they typically face a margin call and have to pay more to the counterparty because the bonds are worth less.

2. Who’s doing it?

Firms including BlackRock Inc., Legal & General Group Plc and Schroders Plc manage LDI funds on behalf of pension clients. Many pension funds outsource their entire portfolios, including LDI trades, to those managers, while others might just use LDI funds offered by asset managers. There are firms, like Cardano and Insight Investments where LDI is the main bulk of their business. The amount of liabilities held by UK pension funds that have been hedged with LDI strategies has more than tripled in size to £1.5 trillion ($1.6 trillion) in the 10 years through 2020, according to the UK’s Investment Association. The entire UK government debt market is £2.3 trillion. retirees a certain payout regardless of swings in financial markets. The strategy often involves derivatives — interest-rate swaps and other contracts that allow them to hedge their bets in case the market moves against them. To arrange them, the funds have to put up some collateral for the trade. If yields fall they make money and if yields rise they typically face a margin call and have to pay more to the counterparty because the bonds are worth less.

So there’s a place to start, anyway. Blackrock even has a website section devoted to their awesome and wonderful LDI funds – but it’s completely worthless. Just a bit of juvenile marketting bumf published with the objective of getting you to call a salesman; no meat on that bone!

That’s a shame, but fortunately the Washington Post comes to my aid again:

The resulting problems for pension funds were twofold. First, to offset liabilities they had bought long-dated gilts (and probably some long-dated inflation-linked bonds) via counterparts who held those positions for them. Second, because the UK market is relatively small, they had also bought fairly low-quality investment-grade credit in the US and swapped these exposures into sterling. That left them with a dollar short position on one leg of the swap. Both types of trade were done via counterparts who demanded collateral — lots of it. Often, that meant selling other assets, hence the vortex of the past few days which the BOE has, rightly, alleviated by its actions. I am not sure that this is the end of the story.

So it’s useful to know that one reason to use derivatives is because the market simply isn’t big enough to accomodate all those who want to invest in it. And then there’s leverage:

“As a result of the extreme volatility in the gilts market this week, we have been working expediently over recent days to support our clients’ interests,” a BlackRock spokesperson said in an emailed statement.

“We have been reducing leverage in some of our LDI funds, acting prudently to preserve our clients’ capital in extraordinary market conditions. Trading in BlackRock funds has not been halted, nor has BlackRock ceased trading in gilts.”

LDI funds can be leveraged up to four times, industry consultants say.

So I’m still a little foggy on the function of these “LDI firms” who take leveraged positions via interest-rate swaps on gilts. Why do they do it? There’s the suggestion that the funds want some kind of asset-liability duration matching (“immunization” is the word usually used on PrefBlog!), which is fine. Very good, in fact; I have praised the pension fund HOOPP on this blog, for taking the time – almost uniquely in the financial world – of talking to their clients, understanding what they want their portfolios to do (‘pay off this schedule of obligations!’) and investing accordingly to minimize risk – the word ‘risk’ being defined in a meaningful way, that is, not by some brain-dead MBA/CFA parrotting dim memories of the Capital Asset Pricing Model.

I still haven’t come up with a sensible explanation of why these exposures should be leveraged, however. One possibility is that it’s simply a mechanism to buy as much duration as possible with the least amount of cash, but I haven’t seen any explainers at all on this. Another thing that I don’t know is just how these leveraged derivative bets work. The presence of margin calls suggest that the funds will attempt to keep a fixed number of contracts alive per unit in the fund, rather than operating like a retail leverage fund, in which the attempt is to maintain a fixed amount of leverage on the capital in the fund – which, notoriously, imposes a buy-high-sell-low investment strategy on the operation – but this is not quite clear. Blackrock reduced leverage in its funds … were they mechanically buying high and selling low, or what’s the whole story here?

The claim that the gilt market is simply too small to absorb the pension funds that are dependent upon it is interesting. There is at least one article in the Interesting External Papers category of PrefBlog that shows the regulators have been very worried in the past about what I call ‘liquidity inversions’ – situations in which a small, illiquid physical market is used to price a large, very liquid, derivatives market (another resource is my piece on Liquidity Black Holes). Even a dominance of the pension funds in the physical market could be problematic – financial markets work best when there is a wide variety of players with differing rationales buying and selling with each other. The commentary I’ve seen has been mainly in the context of derivative-based ETFs on Emerging Market equities being sold in the west; could this have really happened with gilts? I look forward to the next few years and the publication of learned treatises on the September 2022 Gilt Saga.

Anyway, back to more domestic matters – Mohammed El-Erian writes a piece about the implications of damaged Fed credibility:

Ominously, these market signals indicate that the US economy (and therefore the global economy) lacks both a monetary-policy anchor and a sufficiently credible central bank. As a result, the US needs more monetary-policy tightening than it would have if the Fed had reacted in a timely and credible fashion. That will indeed produce “pain,” in the form of foregone growth (actual and potential) and higher unemployment, which will hit the most vulnerable segments of society the hardest.

For the global economy, this will translate into even greater growth fragility at a time when Europe is heading into recession, China’s performance is increasingly lagging its economic potential, and little fires are burning across the developing world. Despite this increased fragility, many other central banks will have no choice but to follow the Fed in raising interest rates beyond what would have otherwise been needed, in order to avoid “importing” more damaging inflation and unsettling financial instability.

Now that the Fed finds itself in such an uncomfortable situation – one mostly of its own making – it may be inclined to eschew further rate hikes, particularly given the growing criticism that it is tipping the economy into recession, destroying wealth, and fueling instability. Yet such a course of action would risk repeating the monetary-policy mistake of the 1970s, saddling America and the world with an even longer period of stagflationary trends. Instead, the Fed should be doing much more to contain the adverse spillovers of its policy mistake, including through innovative thinking about its monetary-policy framework and more proactive collaboration with other policymaking entities (domestic and abroad).

And in Canada:

The Securities and Exchange Commission today announced insider trading charges against two Canadian software engineers who made $1.6 million by trading ahead of non-public, market-moving financial information.

According to the SEC’s complaint, from at least May 2018 to July 2021, Harpreet Saini and John Lester Mandac Natividad, both of Ontario, were employed by a newswire distribution company specializing in corporate press releases, and had access to its internal press release distribution system that allowed them to preview headlines, times, and publication dates of forthcoming announcements. As alleged, Saini and Natividad collectively traded in advance of more than 1,600 announcements distributed by their employer and would routinely exit their positions after the market reacted to the news in the press releases.

The Ontario Securities Commission (OSC) today announced that Saini and Natividad have been charged with fraud and insider trading offenses under the Ontario Securities Act.

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.1596 % 2,405.5
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.1596 % 4,613.7
Floater 7.62 % 7.67 % 60,637 11.75 2 -0.1596 % 2,658.9
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.2790 % 3,371.3
SplitShare 5.06 % 6.50 % 31,832 3.10 7 -0.2790 % 4,026.0
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.2790 % 3,141.2
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1969 % 2,654.5
Perpetual-Discount 6.41 % 6.56 % 70,033 13.08 33 0.1969 % 2,894.6
FixedReset Disc 5.11 % 7.07 % 90,118 12.74 54 -0.4371 % 2,319.2
Insurance Straight 6.36 % 6.40 % 77,654 13.34 19 0.2487 % 2,830.8
FloatingReset 8.46 % 8.70 % 35,483 10.68 2 0.0000 % 2,525.1
FixedReset Prem 5.37 % 7.08 % 98,745 12.48 9 0.0093 % 2,455.7
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.4371 % 2,370.7
FixedReset Ins Non 5.52 % 7.70 % 60,432 12.16 13 0.1029 % 2,336.4
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
CM.PR.P FixedReset Disc -4.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 18.77
Evaluated at bid price : 18.77
Bid-YTW : 7.20 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc -4.37 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 15.75
Evaluated at bid price : 15.75
Bid-YTW : 9.05 %
BMO.PR.Y FixedReset Disc -4.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.29
Evaluated at bid price : 20.29
Bid-YTW : 6.95 %
CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount -3.17 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.12
Evaluated at bid price : 17.12
Bid-YTW : 6.67 %
CM.PR.Q FixedReset Disc -3.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.20
Evaluated at bid price : 20.20
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
RY.PR.H FixedReset Disc -3.00 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.40
Evaluated at bid price : 19.40
Bid-YTW : 7.13 %
GWO.PR.Y Insurance Straight -2.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.22
Evaluated at bid price : 17.22
Bid-YTW : 6.59 %
BIP.PR.A FixedReset Disc -2.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.10
Evaluated at bid price : 17.10
Bid-YTW : 9.38 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset Disc -2.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.50
Evaluated at bid price : 17.50
Bid-YTW : 8.47 %
PVS.PR.F SplitShare -1.68 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2024-09-30
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.00
Bid-YTW : 7.19 %
BNS.PR.I FixedReset Disc -1.59 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.75
Evaluated at bid price : 22.22
Bid-YTW : 6.63 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset Ins Non -1.36 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 18.15
Evaluated at bid price : 18.15
Bid-YTW : 7.80 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc -1.26 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.55
Evaluated at bid price : 19.55
Bid-YTW : 7.07 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset Disc -1.22 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 16.15
Evaluated at bid price : 16.15
Bid-YTW : 8.60 %
RY.PR.J FixedReset Disc -1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.50
Evaluated at bid price : 20.50
Bid-YTW : 7.00 %
TD.PF.I FixedReset Disc -1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 23.45
Evaluated at bid price : 24.69
Bid-YTW : 6.62 %
GWO.PR.G Insurance Straight 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.95
Evaluated at bid price : 19.95
Bid-YTW : 6.57 %
PWF.PR.L Perpetual-Discount 1.02 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.85
Evaluated at bid price : 19.85
Bid-YTW : 6.56 %
MIC.PR.A Perpetual-Discount 1.03 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.70
Evaluated at bid price : 19.70
Bid-YTW : 6.91 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset Ins Non 1.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 16.83
Evaluated at bid price : 16.83
Bid-YTW : 7.69 %
BAM.PF.J FixedReset Disc 1.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 22.43
Evaluated at bid price : 23.30
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %
BAM.PF.D Perpetual-Discount 1.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 6.68 %
SLF.PR.H FixedReset Ins Non 1.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 16.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.00
Bid-YTW : 7.70 %
NA.PR.S FixedReset Disc 1.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.23
Evaluated at bid price : 20.23
Bid-YTW : 7.10 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.66
Evaluated at bid price : 20.66
Bid-YTW : 7.78 %
CM.PR.O FixedReset Disc 1.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.76
Evaluated at bid price : 19.76
Bid-YTW : 6.97 %
IFC.PR.K Perpetual-Discount 1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.29
Evaluated at bid price : 21.29
Bid-YTW : 6.21 %
NA.PR.W FixedReset Disc 1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.62
Evaluated at bid price : 19.62
Bid-YTW : 7.00 %
RS.PR.A SplitShare 1.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-12-31
Maturity Price : 10.00
Evaluated at bid price : 9.80
Bid-YTW : 5.90 %
IFC.PR.F Insurance Straight 1.46 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.57
Evaluated at bid price : 21.57
Bid-YTW : 6.19 %
TRP.PR.G FixedReset Disc 1.87 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 18.49
Evaluated at bid price : 18.49
Bid-YTW : 7.79 %
IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount 2.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.68
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 6.17 %
IFC.PR.E Insurance Straight 2.75 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.30
Evaluated at bid price : 21.30
Bid-YTW : 6.15 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset Disc 2.94 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.50
Evaluated at bid price : 17.50
Bid-YTW : 7.75 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
TD.PF.I FixedReset Disc 34,884 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 23.45
Evaluated at bid price : 24.69
Bid-YTW : 6.62 %
BAM.PR.X FixedReset Disc 33,103 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 15.75
Evaluated at bid price : 15.75
Bid-YTW : 8.07 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset Disc 25,670 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.74
Evaluated at bid price : 17.74
Bid-YTW : 8.50 %
NA.PR.C FixedReset Disc 21,063 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 23.95
Evaluated at bid price : 24.93
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 10,706 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 19.55
Evaluated at bid price : 19.55
Bid-YTW : 7.07 %
PVS.PR.I SplitShare 10,100 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-10-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.15
Bid-YTW : 6.12 %
There were 0 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
RY.PR.N Perpetual-Discount Quote: 21.35 – 23.09
Spot Rate : 1.7400
Average : 1.0107

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.35
Evaluated at bid price : 21.35
Bid-YTW : 5.82 %

RY.PR.O Perpetual-Discount Quote: 21.36 – 23.00
Spot Rate : 1.6400
Average : 1.0285

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 21.36
Evaluated at bid price : 21.36
Bid-YTW : 5.82 %

BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc Quote: 15.75 – 17.39
Spot Rate : 1.6400
Average : 1.0807

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 15.75
Evaluated at bid price : 15.75
Bid-YTW : 9.05 %

BAM.PF.A FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.32 – 22.50
Spot Rate : 2.1800
Average : 1.7342

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.32
Evaluated at bid price : 20.32
Bid-YTW : 7.79 %

CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount Quote: 17.12 – 18.27
Spot Rate : 1.1500
Average : 0.7457

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 17.12
Evaluated at bid price : 17.12
Bid-YTW : 6.67 %

BMO.PR.Y FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.29 – 21.29
Spot Rate : 1.0000
Average : 0.6373

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-30
Maturity Price : 20.29
Evaluated at bid price : 20.29
Bid-YTW : 6.95 %

September 29, 2022

September 30th, 2022

Sorry this is late! I had better things to do last night!

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1198 % 2,409.3
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1198 % 4,621.1
Floater 7.61 % 7.64 % 61,413 11.78 2 0.1198 % 2,663.2
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0850 % 3,380.7
SplitShare 5.04 % 6.36 % 32,103 3.10 7 0.0850 % 4,037.3
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0850 % 3,150.0
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.2177 % 2,649.2
Perpetual-Discount 6.43 % 6.57 % 69,843 13.10 33 -0.2177 % 2,888.9
FixedReset Disc 5.09 % 7.06 % 92,582 12.78 54 -0.1803 % 2,329.4
Insurance Straight 6.37 % 6.42 % 78,653 13.34 19 -0.3555 % 2,823.7
FloatingReset 8.46 % 8.70 % 35,562 10.68 2 0.6470 % 2,525.1
FixedReset Prem 5.38 % 7.08 % 100,370 12.51 9 0.1774 % 2,455.5
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.1803 % 2,381.1
FixedReset Ins Non 5.53 % 7.69 % 59,866 12.16 13 -0.5034 % 2,334.0
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
IFC.PR.G FixedReset Ins Non -3.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.52
Evaluated at bid price : 19.52
Bid-YTW : 7.69 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc -2.51 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.80
Evaluated at bid price : 19.80
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %
IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount -2.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.50
Evaluated at bid price : 21.50
Bid-YTW : 6.33 %
BIP.PR.A FixedReset Disc -2.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.50
Evaluated at bid price : 17.50
Bid-YTW : 9.17 %
MFC.PR.B Insurance Straight -2.13 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 18.42
Evaluated at bid price : 18.42
Bid-YTW : 6.37 %
NA.PR.W FixedReset Disc -2.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.35
Evaluated at bid price : 19.35
Bid-YTW : 7.09 %
NA.PR.S FixedReset Disc -1.86 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.00
Bid-YTW : 7.18 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset Disc -1.83 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.42
Evaluated at bid price : 20.42
Bid-YTW : 7.87 %
CU.PR.E Perpetual-Discount -1.80 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.11
Evaluated at bid price : 19.11
Bid-YTW : 6.50 %
MFC.PR.I FixedReset Ins Non -1.76 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.83
Evaluated at bid price : 22.27
Bid-YTW : 7.14 %
SLF.PR.E Insurance Straight -1.58 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 18.05
Evaluated at bid price : 18.05
Bid-YTW : 6.28 %
CM.PR.O FixedReset Disc -1.52 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.50
Evaluated at bid price : 19.50
Bid-YTW : 7.06 %
GWO.PR.T Insurance Straight -1.48 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.00
Bid-YTW : 6.49 %
BMO.PR.W FixedReset Disc -1.47 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.49
Evaluated at bid price : 19.49
Bid-YTW : 7.04 %
FTS.PR.J Perpetual-Discount -1.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.12
Evaluated at bid price : 19.12
Bid-YTW : 6.29 %
GWO.PR.G Insurance Straight -1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.75
Evaluated at bid price : 19.75
Bid-YTW : 6.64 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc -1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 16.47
Evaluated at bid price : 16.47
Bid-YTW : 8.67 %
CU.PR.H Perpetual-Discount -1.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.47
Evaluated at bid price : 20.47
Bid-YTW : 6.50 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset Disc -1.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.00
Bid-YTW : 7.96 %
GWO.PR.Y Insurance Straight -1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.65
Evaluated at bid price : 17.65
Bid-YTW : 6.42 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset Ins Non -1.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 18.40
Evaluated at bid price : 18.40
Bid-YTW : 7.69 %
CU.PR.J Perpetual-Discount -1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 18.65
Evaluated at bid price : 18.65
Bid-YTW : 6.46 %
BIP.PR.E FixedReset Disc -1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.50
Evaluated at bid price : 21.50
Bid-YTW : 7.50 %
CU.PR.I FixedReset Prem -1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2025-12-01
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.60
Bid-YTW : 5.20 %
BAM.PR.M Perpetual-Discount 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 18.09
Evaluated at bid price : 18.09
Bid-YTW : 6.62 %
BMO.PR.E FixedReset Disc 1.10 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 22.52
Evaluated at bid price : 23.00
Bid-YTW : 6.64 %
TD.PF.K FixedReset Disc 1.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 22.06
Evaluated at bid price : 22.70
Bid-YTW : 6.65 %
TD.PF.J FixedReset Disc 1.28 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 22.22
Evaluated at bid price : 22.94
Bid-YTW : 6.75 %
FTS.PR.K FixedReset Disc 1.49 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.00
Bid-YTW : 7.98 %
PWF.PR.K Perpetual-Discount 1.81 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.11
Evaluated at bid price : 19.11
Bid-YTW : 6.61 %
BMO.PR.F FixedReset Prem 2.34 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 23.68
Evaluated at bid price : 24.05
Bid-YTW : 7.11 %
IFC.PR.F Insurance Straight 3.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.26
Evaluated at bid price : 21.26
Bid-YTW : 6.28 %
BIP.PR.F FixedReset Disc 5.55 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.11
Evaluated at bid price : 21.11
Bid-YTW : 7.46 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
CM.PR.S FixedReset Disc 35,300 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 22.37
Evaluated at bid price : 23.20
Bid-YTW : 6.30 %
GWO.PR.I Insurance Straight 20,525 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.90
Evaluated at bid price : 17.90
Bid-YTW : 6.33 %
MFC.PR.C Insurance Straight 15,800 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.80
Evaluated at bid price : 17.80
Bid-YTW : 6.38 %
PWF.PR.L Perpetual-Discount 14,100 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.65
Evaluated at bid price : 19.65
Bid-YTW : 6.62 %
TD.PF.I FixedReset Disc 12,000 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 23.89
Evaluated at bid price : 24.97
Bid-YTW : 6.55 %
CU.PR.I FixedReset Prem 10,500 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2025-12-01
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.60
Bid-YTW : 5.20 %
There were 0 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
MIC.PR.A Perpetual-Discount Quote: 19.50 – 28.99
Spot Rate : 9.4900
Average : 5.2014

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 19.50
Evaluated at bid price : 19.50
Bid-YTW : 6.98 %

BAM.PF.A FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.50 – 22.50
Spot Rate : 2.0000
Average : 1.2455

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.50
Evaluated at bid price : 20.50
Bid-YTW : 7.72 %

IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount Quote: 21.50 – 24.10
Spot Rate : 2.6000
Average : 2.0083

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 21.50
Evaluated at bid price : 21.50
Bid-YTW : 6.33 %

CU.PR.H Perpetual-Discount Quote: 20.47 – 22.10
Spot Rate : 1.6300
Average : 1.2489

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 20.47
Evaluated at bid price : 20.47
Bid-YTW : 6.50 %

MFC.PR.N FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 17.02 – 18.85
Spot Rate : 1.8300
Average : 1.5000

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-29
Maturity Price : 17.02
Evaluated at bid price : 17.02
Bid-YTW : 8.00 %

PVS.PR.K SplitShare Quote: 21.85 – 22.80
Spot Rate : 0.9500
Average : 0.6432

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2029-05-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.85
Bid-YTW : 6.93 %

FTN.PR.A To Reset To 7.50%

September 28th, 2022

Quadravest has announced:

Financial 15 Split Corp. (the “Company”) is pleased to announce the Preferred Share dividend rate for the fiscal year beginning December 1, 2022. Based on current market rates for preferred shares with similar terms, monthly payments to FTN.PR.A will be $0.06250 per share for an annual yield of 7.50% on their $10 redemption value. This is an increase of three quarters of one percent over the current rate.

I must say, I am growing to dislike these annual resets intensely. The minimum rate on these resets is only 5.5% and apart from this the company has full discretion. A prudent analysis must therefore assume that next year the rate will reset to 5.5% but there is every possibility, of course, that it will not. So refusing to buy these things might result in leaving money on the table. All in all, though, assuming the worst is always the way to go in securities analysis!

Thanks to Assiduous Reader RAV4guy for bringing this to my attention!

FFN.PR.A To Reset To 7.75%

September 28th, 2022

Quadravest has announced:

North American Financial 15 Split Corp. (the “Company”) is pleased to announce the Preferred Share dividend rate for the fiscal year beginning December 1, 2022. Based on current market rates for preferred shares with similar terms, monthly payments to FFN.PR.A will be $0.06458 per share for an annual yield of 7.75% on their $10 redemption value. This is an increase of one percent over the current rate.

I must say, I am growing to dislike these annual resets intensely. The minimum rate on these resets is only 5.5% and apart from this the company has full discretion. A prudent analysis must therefore assume that next year the rate will reset to 5.5% but there is every possibility, of course, that it will not. So refusing to buy these things might result in leaving money on the table. All in all, though, assuming the worst is always the way to go in securities analysis!

Thanks to Assiduous Reader newbiepref for bringing this to my attention!

September 28, 2022

September 28th, 2022

TXPR closed at 577.09, up 0.81% on the day. Volume today was 1.47-million, third-highest of the past 21 trading days.

CPD closed at 11.50, up 1.32% on the day. Volume was 188,770, second-highest of the past 21 trading days.

ZPR closed at 9.65, up 1.05% on the day. Volume of 190,270 was well above the median of the past 21 trading days.

Five-year Canada yields were plunged to 3.28% today.

In these tempestuous times, it’s nice to see the world uniting on a political question:

British Prime Minister Liz Truss’s plan to slash taxes and drive up government borrowing has managed to upset almost every corner of the financial world and prompt growing calls, at home and abroad, for the new Prime Minister to reverse course.

Since the tax plan was announced last Friday, a chorus of voices has come out against it, ranging from the International Monetary Fund to credit-rating agencies, economists, pension funds and British homeowners who could see their monthly mortgage payments rise by as much as 70 per cent in the coming months.

In a blunt rebuke of the government, the IMF said late Tuesday that given rising global inflation “we do not recommend large and untargeted fiscal packages at this juncture.” It also urged Chancellor of the Exchequer Kwasi Kwarteng “to re-evaluate the tax measures, especially those that benefit high-income earners.”

On Wednesday, Moody’s said the plan raised questions about the credibility of the government’s fiscal strategy and added that “large unfunded tax cuts are credit-negative,” suggesting a potential downgrade to the country’s credit rating.

It will be hard to top Brexit as a political and economic disaster, but Truss is trying!

Chaos in the gilt market brought BoE intervention:

British government bond prices soared on Wednesday after the Bank of England said it would buy long-dated bonds to bring calm to the market, although analysts had doubts about how long the respite would last.

Finance minister Kwasi Kwarteng set plans for unfunded tax cuts and more government borrowing last week, sparking a historic slide in sterling markets that sent the pound to an all-time low against the U.S. dollar, just below $1.04.

Having failed to cool a sell-off with a verbal intervention the previous day, the BoE announced an emergency move that it said would prevent the turmoil in markets from spreading through the country and seizing up credit flows.

The central bank said it would buy long-dated gilts “on whatever scale is necessary” to restore order to the market.

The BoE also said it was keeping its goal to reduce its 838 billion pounds ($892 billion) of gilt holdings by 80 billion pounds over the next year, but would postpone the start of sales – due to begin next week – because of the market conditions.

Ahead of the BoE’s announcement, strategists said the 2.1 trillion-pound gilt market was seizing up, with very poor liquidity and pricing quality being a clear sign of market dysfunction.

Thirty-year gilt yields – which move in the opposite direction to prices – finished the day more than 100 basis points lower at 3.934% after they rose to 5.092% in early trading – the highest level for 30-year yields since 2002.

Geez … it seems like only yesterday that I was marvelling about a full point move in long-bond yields in a mere week!

Part of the problem, apparently, is margin calls on pension funds:

A dramatic upswing in British government bond yields this week triggered calls for cash from defined benefit pension funds, forcing them to slash positions and prompt the Bank of England to mount an emergency 65 billion pound ($69 billion) bond buying programme in an effort to stabilise the market.

To avoid being exposed to market volatility, the [pension fund] schemes typically hedge their positions through gilt derivatives managed by so-called liability-driven investment (LDI) funds.

For example, pension schemes might pay the floating rate leg of an interest rate swap and receive fixed rates, according to Chris Arcari, head of capital markets at consultants Hymans Robertson.

The funds are leveraged which increases their exposure to market moves.

If yields go up too far and too fast, the schemes need to provide more cash – or collateral – to the LDI funds because their positions become loss-making – they are paying out more money in the transaction than they are receiving.

Pension schemes either sold gilts to get hold of ready cash to meet those collateral calls, or they were kicked out of their derivatives positions because they could not pay up in time and had to sell gilts to avoid having a naked exposure to further sharp moves. LDI funds also sold index-linked gilts to shore up the cash in their funds.

So my question is: why would a pension fund invest in a leveraged swap on gilts in the first place? Why not buy the underlying gilts themselves, like, you know, normal people?

I don’t know, of course, but it’s my guess is that some guy with an MBA convinced some other guys with MBAs that it would be a full eighth of a basis point cheaper to go the derivative route (MBA, you will remember, stands for More Bad Assets). I’ve heard lots of schemes like that over the years; it’s all wonderful until somebody remembers about collateral. Remember CIBC and the deal with Goldman and Lehman on AIC Credit Default Swaps? It was a nice deal, easy money, until the collateral calls started coming in.

Meanwhile, the BoC announced:

The Bank of Canada today welcomed the publication by the International Monetary Fund (IMF) of its final report summarizing its pilot review of the Bank’s transparency practices. The report contained several recommendations for how the Bank could further enhance its transparency, and the Bank published its formal response to those recommendations today.

This past spring, using the IMF’s new Central Bank Transparency Code (CBTC), an IMF Mission Team made up of independent experts reviewed the Bank’s transparency practices across five areas: governance, policies, operations, outcomes and official relations. The Mission Team met with staff and management from across the Bank as well as with a broad range of stakeholders, including academics, think tanks, parliamentarians, market participants and journalists.

In its response, the Bank announced that it will publish a summary of deliberations after each policy rate announcement, beginning in January 2023. More details about this new publication will be shared in the months ahead.

The Bank also agreed to enhance transparency around its risk management and audit functions. And it will strengthen its efforts to communicate broadly, and in plain language, about financial stability issues.

The IMF report, all 100 pages of it, is available HERE. Recommendation #4 is:

4. Consider publishing a detailed summary of monetary policy deliberations by the Governing Council, as well as enhancing its communication on ex-post evaluation of the policy decisions, disclosing alternative policy scenarios, and improving the timeliness and accessibility of published macroeconomic projections.

… to which the Bank responded:

Over the past several years, the Bank has taken a number of steps to provide further transparency about its monetary policy decisions and deliberations. These include:
• providing a discussion of key issues that were relevant to Governing Council’s policy deliberations in the
opening statements at Monetary Policy Report (MPR) press conferences.
• introducing economic progress report speeches one day after each non-MPR policy decision. These speeches are delivered by members of Governing Council and discuss key issues relevant to policy deliberations. The Governing Council member delivering the speech is also available to the press.
• including in the most recent renewal of Canada’s monetary policy framework, jointly agreed to by the Bank and the Government of Canada, the Bank’s consideration of a broad range of labour market indicators. The Bank will systematically report to Canadians on how labour market outcomes have factored into its monetary policy decisions.
The Bank has been actively considering additional mechanisms to enhance transparency around its monetary policy decisions, including the publication of a summary of deliberations after each policy decision. The IMF’s consultation with the Bank’s stakeholders and resulting recommendation that the Bank should proceed with publishing such a summary have been very helpful in the Bank’s considerations of this matter.

As such, the Bank is committing to publish a summary of monetary policy deliberations after each policy decision, starting in January 2023. These summaries will be published on the Bank’s website, with a lag of roughly two weeks following each policy decision.

With respect to enhancing communication on ex-post evaluation of policy decisions, the Bank has been focused on reviewing its actions and analysis during the COVID-19 pandemic. In its July 2022 MPR, the Bank published an assessment of the main factors behind inflation forecast errors during the pandemic period. In February 2022, Deputy Governor Tim Lane provided a backward-looking assessment of the Bank’s policy actions and analysis during the pandemic. Bank staff have also published assessments of the impact on market functioning and pricing of some of its asset purchase programs, such as the Bankers’ Acceptance Purchase Facility and Government of Canada Bond Purchase Program.

As the Bank proceeds with further internal work evaluating lessons learned from its pandemic actions, it is committed to being transparent about these evaluations with Canadians.

With respect to disclosing alternative policy scenarios, the Bank has published such scenarios on an ad-hoc basis, most recently in the July 2022 MPR with a risk scenario examining what could happen if a wage-price spiral occurred. The Bank is open to providing such alternative scenarios more regularly as part of its MPRs. But it would retain appropriate flexibility to do so when it makes good sense and when it can help audiences better understand the Bank’s reaction function around key risks. The Bank prefers this approach rather than committing to systematically providing such scenarios in each MPR.

Finally, with respect to the timeliness and accessibility of published macroeconomic projections, the Bank is actively seeking ways to make the information underlying its economic forecasts more accessible to its audiences. This has included the increasing use of digital charts and tables with accessible, downloadable data. As the Bank develops its MPR into a fully digital product by the end of 2023, improved accessibility and the ability to interact more fully with its projections will be key guiding principles.

The Bank also publishes, with a five-year lag, the detailed staff economic projections that are provided to Governing Council in preparation for monetary policy decisions.

I suppose this “accessibility” drive includes such things a posts on Twitter and elsewhere. Let’s just hope that they refrain from intellectually dishonest obfuscation in those Tweets – their response to the ‘money printing’ accusations was disgraceful.

Regretably:

The announcement moves the Bank of Canada closer to the U.S. Federal Reserve, which publishes detailed minutes of the rate-setting meetings of its Federal Open Market Committee (FOMC). However, it stops short of giving the same level of detail.

“We do expect it to provide a high-level summary of the issues discussed by [the] governing council, as well as insight into the key points of focus in their deliberations on economic developments and the risks,” Jeremy Harrison, managing director of the bank’s communications department, said in a statement.

The summaries won’t attribute arguments to individual members of the six-person governing council, Mr. Harrison said. And because the council does not formally vote on monetary policy decisions, no votes will be recorded.

Ah, the good old consensus story – a sure-fire recipe for mediocrity, ass-covering and Canadian levels of productivity.

And to wrap things up … here’s a snippet on one of my favourite topics – energy storage:

Jupiter Power LLC (“Jupiter Power” or “Jupiter”), the leading United States developer and operator of utility-scale, battery energy storage systems (“BESS”), today announced the execution of an agreement with Energy Vault Holdings Inc. ( NYSE: NRGV) (“Energy Vault”), a leader in sustainable, grid-scale energy storage solutions. Under this agreement, Jupiter Power and Energy Vault will expeditiously collaborate to secure 2.4 GWh of supply chain equipment and services that will be integrated and delivered through Energy Vault’s hardware and software management platform in Jupiter Power’s battery energy storage projects.

Jupiter Power and Energy Vault are committed to supporting U.S. based manufacturing for use in Jupiter’s BESS projects across the United States electric markets including ERCOT, MISO, CAISO, PJM, NYISO, and ISO-NE. The projects are expected to reach commercial operations in 2024 and 2025.

Under the agreement, Energy Vault will focus on maximizing U.S. localization and deployment of energy storage equipment that will qualify for the recently enacted Inflation Reduction Act’s Domestic Content Bonus Credit. As part of the joint effort, Jupiter Power will collaborate in siting the new domestic manufacturing facilities, where possible, by utilizing assets secured for future Jupiter Power projects across the country, including the siting of such facilities in “Energy Communities” locations prioritized for investment by the Inflation Reduction Act, such as brownfield coal sites and economically disadvantaged areas.

The letter of intent agreement follows previously announced agreements between Jupiter Power and Energy Vault for BESS projects in Texas and California totaling 220 MWh, under which Energy Vault will supply a 100 MW (200 MWh) battery energy storage system at a Jupiter Power Facility near Fort Stockton, Texas, and additionally construct and commission a 10 MW (20 MWh) battery energy storage system for Jupiter Power in Carpinteria, California.

PerpetualDiscounts now yield 6.59%, equivalent to 8.57% interest at the standard equivalency factor of 1.3x. Long corporates now yield 5.00%, so the pre-tax interest-equivalent spread (in this context, the “Seniority Spread”) has rocketted to 355bp from the 315bp reported September 21.

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.6743 % 2,406.4
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.6743 % 4,615.6
Floater 7.62 % 7.66 % 50,158 11.76 2 -0.6743 % 2,660.0
OpRet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.3296 % 3,377.8
SplitShare 5.05 % 6.38 % 32,527 3.10 7 2.3296 % 4,033.8
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.3296 % 3,147.4
Perpetual-Premium 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1620 % 2,655.0
Perpetual-Discount 6.41 % 6.59 % 69,108 13.10 33 0.1620 % 2,895.2
FixedReset Disc 5.08 % 7.02 % 92,612 12.77 54 0.4189 % 2,333.6
Insurance Straight 6.35 % 6.39 % 79,441 13.38 19 0.8584 % 2,833.8
FloatingReset 8.52 % 8.75 % 35,978 10.63 2 0.6840 % 2,508.8
FixedReset Prem 5.38 % 7.10 % 101,936 12.46 9 -0.4832 % 2,451.1
FixedReset Bank Non 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.4189 % 2,385.4
FixedReset Ins Non 5.50 % 7.60 % 62,385 12.20 13 0.0384 % 2,345.8
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BIP.PR.F FixedReset Disc -4.76 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.00
Bid-YTW : 7.87 %
ELF.PR.H Perpetual-Discount -3.66 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.90
Evaluated at bid price : 20.90
Bid-YTW : 6.61 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset Ins Non -3.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 13.06
Evaluated at bid price : 13.06
Bid-YTW : 8.11 %
SLF.PR.H FixedReset Ins Non -2.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 15.82
Evaluated at bid price : 15.82
Bid-YTW : 7.78 %
MFC.PR.L FixedReset Ins Non -2.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.80
Evaluated at bid price : 16.80
Bid-YTW : 8.11 %
RY.PR.O Perpetual-Discount -2.26 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.65
Evaluated at bid price : 21.65
Bid-YTW : 5.74 %
CU.PR.H Perpetual-Discount -2.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.75
Evaluated at bid price : 20.75
Bid-YTW : 6.41 %
BMO.PR.F FixedReset Prem -2.00 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 23.10
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 7.28 %
BIP.PR.B FixedReset Prem -1.81 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2025-12-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.86
Bid-YTW : 7.13 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset Disc -1.71 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.70
Evaluated at bid price : 16.70
Bid-YTW : 8.56 %
CM.PR.Q FixedReset Disc -1.65 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.90
Evaluated at bid price : 20.90
Bid-YTW : 6.75 %
BAM.PF.A FixedReset Disc -1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.31
Evaluated at bid price : 20.31
Bid-YTW : 7.79 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset Disc -1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.85
Evaluated at bid price : 17.85
Bid-YTW : 8.45 %
RY.PR.N Perpetual-Discount -1.27 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.72
Evaluated at bid price : 21.72
Bid-YTW : 5.72 %
BAM.PF.I FixedReset Prem -1.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.80
Evaluated at bid price : 22.20
Bid-YTW : 7.58 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset Disc -1.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.84
Evaluated at bid price : 17.84
Bid-YTW : 8.31 %
GWO.PR.S Insurance Straight 1.00 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.16
Evaluated at bid price : 20.16
Bid-YTW : 6.56 %
IAF.PR.I FixedReset Ins Non 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.64
Evaluated at bid price : 22.03
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset Disc 1.04 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.73
Evaluated at bid price : 16.73
Bid-YTW : 8.42 %
BMO.PR.W FixedReset Disc 1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.78
Evaluated at bid price : 19.78
Bid-YTW : 6.94 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset Ins Non 1.21 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.75
Evaluated at bid price : 16.75
Bid-YTW : 7.73 %
TRP.PR.F FloatingReset 1.27 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 15.90
Evaluated at bid price : 15.90
Bid-YTW : 8.75 %
GWO.PR.H Insurance Straight 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 18.90
Evaluated at bid price : 18.90
Bid-YTW : 6.46 %
MFC.PR.B Insurance Straight 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 18.82
Evaluated at bid price : 18.82
Bid-YTW : 6.24 %
CM.PR.O FixedReset Disc 1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.80
Evaluated at bid price : 19.80
Bid-YTW : 6.96 %
GWO.PR.R Insurance Straight 1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 18.66
Evaluated at bid price : 18.66
Bid-YTW : 6.48 %
GWO.PR.T Insurance Straight 1.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.30
Evaluated at bid price : 20.30
Bid-YTW : 6.39 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset Disc 1.55 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.67
Evaluated at bid price : 19.67
Bid-YTW : 7.00 %
FTS.PR.M FixedReset Disc 1.60 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.83
Evaluated at bid price : 17.83
Bid-YTW : 7.99 %
CM.PR.S FixedReset Disc 1.61 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 22.47
Evaluated at bid price : 23.40
Bid-YTW : 6.24 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset Disc 1.71 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 12.45
Evaluated at bid price : 12.45
Bid-YTW : 8.55 %
BAM.PR.T FixedReset Disc 1.73 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 14.70
Evaluated at bid price : 14.70
Bid-YTW : 8.75 %
MFC.PR.I FixedReset Ins Non 1.75 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 22.08
Evaluated at bid price : 22.67
Bid-YTW : 7.01 %
TD.PF.E FixedReset Disc 1.82 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.28
Evaluated at bid price : 21.28
Bid-YTW : 6.80 %
CU.PR.E Perpetual-Discount 1.83 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.46
Evaluated at bid price : 19.46
Bid-YTW : 6.38 %
TD.PF.J FixedReset Disc 1.94 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 22.05
Evaluated at bid price : 22.65
Bid-YTW : 6.84 %
BNS.PR.I FixedReset Disc 1.94 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.98
Evaluated at bid price : 22.58
Bid-YTW : 6.51 %
GWO.PR.P Insurance Straight 1.95 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.90
Evaluated at bid price : 20.90
Bid-YTW : 6.51 %
POW.PR.D Perpetual-Discount 1.95 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.30
Evaluated at bid price : 19.30
Bid-YTW : 6.51 %
PWF.PR.E Perpetual-Discount 2.11 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.29
Evaluated at bid price : 21.29
Bid-YTW : 6.59 %
NA.PR.W FixedReset Disc 2.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 19.76
Evaluated at bid price : 19.76
Bid-YTW : 6.95 %
CU.PR.G Perpetual-Discount 2.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.70
Evaluated at bid price : 17.70
Bid-YTW : 6.44 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 2.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.31
Evaluated at bid price : 20.31
Bid-YTW : 6.80 %
BAM.PF.J FixedReset Disc 2.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 22.29
Evaluated at bid price : 23.05
Bid-YTW : 7.09 %
IFC.PR.I Perpetual-Discount 2.52 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.69
Evaluated at bid price : 22.01
Bid-YTW : 6.16 %
PWF.PR.G Perpetual-Discount 2.97 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 22.67
Evaluated at bid price : 22.91
Bid-YTW : 6.56 %
BIP.PR.E FixedReset Disc 3.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 21.42
Evaluated at bid price : 21.72
Bid-YTW : 7.40 %
IFC.PR.G FixedReset Ins Non 3.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.15
Evaluated at bid price : 20.15
Bid-YTW : 7.45 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset Disc 3.69 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.80
Evaluated at bid price : 20.80
Bid-YTW : 7.73 %
IFC.PR.E Insurance Straight 3.95 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.79
Evaluated at bid price : 20.79
Bid-YTW : 6.30 %
BAM.PR.M Perpetual-Discount 4.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.91
Evaluated at bid price : 17.91
Bid-YTW : 6.68 %
PVS.PR.G SplitShare 21.42 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Option Certainty
Maturity Date : 2026-02-28
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.92
Bid-YTW : 6.46 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
IFC.PR.A FixedReset Ins Non 61,300 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.75
Evaluated at bid price : 16.75
Bid-YTW : 7.73 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset Disc 36,100 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.85
Evaluated at bid price : 17.85
Bid-YTW : 8.45 %
CU.PR.I FixedReset Prem 34,986 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2025-12-01
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.85
Bid-YTW : 4.85 %
MFC.PR.M FixedReset Ins Non 21,390 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.13
Evaluated at bid price : 17.13
Bid-YTW : 8.10 %
FTS.PR.M FixedReset Disc 20,900 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.83
Evaluated at bid price : 17.83
Bid-YTW : 7.99 %
BMO.PR.F FixedReset Prem 19,100 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 23.10
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 7.28 %
There were 24 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
BIP.PR.F FixedReset Disc Quote: 20.00 – 22.95
Spot Rate : 2.9500
Average : 1.7911

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 20.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.00
Bid-YTW : 7.87 %

BAM.PR.R FixedReset Disc Quote: 14.45 – 16.98
Spot Rate : 2.5300
Average : 1.6108

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 14.45
Evaluated at bid price : 14.45
Bid-YTW : 8.81 %

MFC.PR.N FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 17.01 – 18.85
Spot Rate : 1.8400
Average : 1.1382

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.01
Evaluated at bid price : 17.01
Bid-YTW : 8.00 %

MFC.PR.M FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 17.13 – 19.05
Spot Rate : 1.9200
Average : 1.3043

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 17.13
Evaluated at bid price : 17.13
Bid-YTW : 8.10 %

MFC.PR.L FixedReset Ins Non Quote: 16.80 – 18.60
Spot Rate : 1.8000
Average : 1.3894

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.80
Evaluated at bid price : 16.80
Bid-YTW : 8.11 %

FTS.PR.K FixedReset Disc Quote: 16.75 – 17.85
Spot Rate : 1.1000
Average : 0.7584

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2052-09-28
Maturity Price : 16.75
Evaluated at bid price : 16.75
Bid-YTW : 8.10 %