Archive for April, 2015

April 30, 2015

Thursday, April 30th, 2015

More news about the generational wealth transfer of ludicrous university tuition:

Surging student-loan debt represents a key risk to the economy’s expansion because wage gains are failing to keep up, according to Beth Ann Bovino, U.S. chief economist at Standard & Poor’s.

As the attached chart illustrates, the dollar amount of borrowing has increased in each quarter since 2003, when data compiled by the Federal Reserve Bank of New York begins. The chart also displays student loans as a percentage of consumer debt, which has consistently risen since 2007’s third quarter.

Education-related loans amounted to $1.16 trillion at the end of last year, a 71 percent increase from the second quarter of 2009, when the latest recession ended. The growth contrasted with declines in mortgages, home-equity loans, credit cards and other forms of consumer borrowing.

studentDebt
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To brighten everybody’s day, here’s another drone story:

Industrial deforestation is responsible for the destruction of forests worldwide and results in disruptive effects on their ecosystems, including reduced biodiversity, increased soil erosion and the release of greenhouse gas emissions, to name a few.

Planting a tree takes a lot longer than cutting one down, and it’s a relatively slow and expensive process. Fortunately, a solution may be on the horizon.

BioCarbon Engineering, the brainchild of former NASA engineer Lauren Fletcher, has proposed a solution: Industrial reforestation with robot drones. Could reforestation get any more awesome?

The drones would plant an estimated 1 billion trees a year, saving people from having to do it by hand. This would make reforestation quicker and cheaper. However, Fletcher doesn’t say that this new method of reforestation is necessarily better than planting trees by hand, just cheaper. If put into full effect, the drone method of planting trees could cut the price of traditional practices down to 15% of the original cost.

Much to the amusement of Bloomberg, Ben Bernanke took some shots at the Wall Street Journal:

The editorialists point out that the Federal Open Market Committee’s projections of economic growth have been too high since the financial crisis, which is true. Therefore (the WSJ concludes), monetary policy is not working and efforts to use it to support the recovery should be discontinued.

It’s generous of the WSJ writers to note, as they do, that “economic forecasting isn’t easy.” They should know, since the Journal has been forecasting a breakout in inflation and a collapse in the dollar at least since 2006, when the FOMC decided not to raise the federal funds rate above 5-1/4 percent.

The WSJ also argues that, because monetary policy has not been a panacea for our economic troubles, we should stop using it. I agree that monetary policy is no panacea, and as Fed chairman I frequently said so. With short-term interest rates pinned near zero, monetary policy is not as powerful or as predictable as at other times. But the right inference is not that we should stop using monetary policy, but rather that we should bring to bear other policy tools as well. I am waiting for the WSJ to argue for a well-structured program of public infrastructure development, which would support growth in the near term by creating jobs and in the longer term by making our economy more productive.

It must be nice to have retired from public life and be able to shoot back a little!

the previously scheduled deflation has been cancelled:

Euro-area consumer prices ended a four-month streak of declines after the European Central Bank started pumping billions of euros into the bloc’s economy through its quantitative-easing program.

Prices stagnated in April from a year earlier after falling 0.1 percent in March, the European Union’s statistics office in Luxembourg said Thursday. The inflation reading was in line with the median estimate in a Bloomberg survey. Unemployment held at 11.3 percent in March.

The improvement helps ECB President Mario Draghi’s case that large-scale asset purchases have already shown success in averting deflation in the 19-nation economy. Bank lending increased in March for the first time since 2012 and encouraging data from Germany to Spain point to a strengthening recovery even as the Greek crisis undermines confidence.

“The big bad deflationary spiral lasted all of four months,” said Nick Kounis, head of macro research at ABN Amro Bank NV in Amsterdam. “We expect headline inflation to accelerate to above 1 percent by year end as the depressing impact of energy prices fades,” while “core inflation will start to pick up as the effects of the past depreciation of the euro and the recovery of the economy feed through.”

Prices excluding vulnerable items such as energy, food and tobacco rose 0.6 percent from April last year, according to Eurostat. A slump in energy prices eased.

Nova Scotia Power is the proud issuer of NSI.PR.D, an operating retractible with a 5.9% coupon that will become redeemable at
$25.00 on October 15 of this year. Today, the company issued 30 year notes at 3.612%. Any bets on redemption?

Brookfield Asset Management Inc., proud issuer of more series of shares, directly and indirectly, than you can shake a stick at, has been confirmed at Pfd-2(low) by DBRS:

DBRS Limited (DBRS) has today confirmed the ratings and Stable trend of Brookfield Asset Management Inc. (BAM or the Company) as indicated in the table below. The confirmation reflects the increasing contribution of predictable fee-based revenue to the Company following its corporate reorganization and that BAM’s core business segments have performed in line with expectation. Performance in 2014 was supported by (1) average hydrology on an enlarged capacity in the renewable energy segment, (2) improving in-place rents and occupancy rates in office properties and strong retail properties demand in the United States and (3) increased contribution from assets recently commissioned or acquired in the infrastructure segment. With its reorganization completed, DBRS expects such fees (a large proportion of which are fixed or based on sizes of fee-bearing assets) to be predictable and to increasingly contribute to company-level cash flows.

With only a moderate increase in company-level borrowings, BAM’s financial metrics remain consistent with levels DBRS expects for its ratings. Despite issuances of debt and preferred shares in 2014, company-level debt increased only modestly by about $100 million, thanks largely to the favourable exchange rate effect of a weakened Canadian dollar against the U.S. dollar, the Company’s reporting currency.

BAM defines “Funds From Operations” (FFO) as “net income prior to fair value changes, depreciation and amortization, and deferred income taxes, and BAM’s proportionate share of FFO in its equity accounted investments”. DBRS understands that cash flow distributed to BAM in fees, dividends and divestment proceeds has amounted to approximately 70% to 80% of FFO (as adjusted by DBRS to exclude non-recurring items and disposition gains) in recent years. Company-level FFO-to-debt improved modestly to 39% in 2014 from 38% in 2013, while FFO interest coverage recorded a larger improvement to 7.9 times (x) from 6.0x, as BAM refinanced maturing debt with lower-cost debt issues. On an adjusted basis, FFO-to-debt in 2014 was 33% and FFO interest coverage was 7.0x. The adjustments are in accordance with DBRS’s Preferred Share and Hybrid Criteria for Corporate Issuers, published on January 21, 2015. DBRS assesses that company-level liquidity remains strong, supported by ample cash and credit availability, a demonstrated ability to access capital markets and an ability to monetize its listed assets (with total market capitalization providing 5.5x coverage of company-level debt).

To maintain the ratings, DBRS expects BAM to maintain its company-level FFO-to-debt to at least 35% (30% on an adjusted basis) and FFO interest coverage in excess of 5.5x (5.0x on adjusted basis). In addition, DBRS expects that the Company’s business risk profiles would not materially deteriorate because of significant investments in higher-risk businesses, that cash distribution to BAM will remain at similar proportion to its annual FFO and that company-level liquidity will remain strong.

It was yet another violently mixed day for the Canadian preferred share market, with PerpetualDiscounts down 9bp, FixedResets gaining 43bp and DeemedRetractibles off 4bp. As one might expect, there is a lengthy Performance Highlights table dominated by winning FixedResets. Volume was above average.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150430
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TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 24.05 to be $1.04 rich, while TRP.PR.G, resetting 2020-11-30 at +296, is $0.83 cheap at its bid price of 25.00.

impVol_MFC_150430
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Another excellent fit, but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.N, resetting at +230 on 2020-3-19, bid at 23.40 to be $0.22 rich, while MFC.PR.H, resetting at +313bp on 2017-3-19, is bid at 25.39 to be $0.32 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150430
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The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 20.17 to be $0.63 cheap. BAM.PR.X, resetting at +180bp 2017-6-30 is bid at 18.42 and appears to be $0.80 rich.

impVol_FTS_150430
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FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 16.65, looks $0.64 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.K, with a spread of +205bp and resetting 2019-3-1, is bid at 22.00 and is $0.43 rich – reclaiming the title of ‘Most Expensive FTS FixedReset’ it briefly ceded to FTS.PR.M.

pairs_FR_150430
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Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.40%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.34%. The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.41%.

pairs_FF_150430
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Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.0075 % 2,274.5
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.0075 % 3,976.9
Floater 3.19 % 3.29 % 54,839 18.99 4 2.0075 % 2,418.0
OpRet 4.42 % -4.47 % 38,022 0.09 2 -0.1178 % 2,765.9
SplitShare 4.56 % 4.64 % 68,811 3.38 3 0.1200 % 3,231.9
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.1178 % 2,529.1
Perpetual-Premium 5.33 % 4.27 % 69,300 0.66 25 -0.0744 % 2,518.4
Perpetual-Discount 5.14 % 5.29 % 138,935 14.94 9 -0.0852 % 2,777.5
FixedReset 4.43 % 3.74 % 285,615 16.62 86 0.4265 % 2,393.9
Deemed-Retractible 4.93 % 3.19 % 112,170 0.24 36 -0.0443 % 2,647.2
FloatingReset 2.51 % 3.04 % 71,296 6.22 9 0.1573 % 2,323.1
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BAM.PF.E FixedReset -1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.12
Evaluated at bid price : 22.72
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %
BAM.PF.A FixedReset -1.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.96
Evaluated at bid price : 24.10
Bid-YTW : 4.01 %
SLF.PR.G FixedReset -1.04 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.07
Bid-YTW : 6.86 %
BNS.PR.R FixedReset -1.02 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.14
Bid-YTW : 3.26 %
FTS.PR.F Perpetual-Premium -1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 24.15
Evaluated at bid price : 24.43
Bid-YTW : 5.08 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.83
Evaluated at bid price : 24.05
Bid-YTW : 3.51 %
GWO.PR.N FixedReset 1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.19
Bid-YTW : 6.07 %
BAM.PR.R FixedReset 1.10 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 20.17
Evaluated at bid price : 20.17
Bid-YTW : 4.14 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset 1.19 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 15.34
Evaluated at bid price : 15.34
Bid-YTW : 3.56 %
ENB.PR.N FixedReset 1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 21.11
Evaluated at bid price : 21.11
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
ENB.PR.P FixedReset 1.26 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 20.86
Evaluated at bid price : 20.86
Bid-YTW : 4.27 %
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 1.27 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 19.94
Evaluated at bid price : 19.94
Bid-YTW : 4.37 %
CU.PR.F Perpetual-Discount 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 23.21
Evaluated at bid price : 23.55
Bid-YTW : 4.83 %
ENB.PR.J FixedReset 1.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 21.77
Evaluated at bid price : 22.10
Bid-YTW : 4.16 %
SLF.PR.H FixedReset 1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.05
Bid-YTW : 4.76 %
RY.PR.H FixedReset 1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.89
Evaluated at bid price : 24.14
Bid-YTW : 3.31 %
ENB.PF.G FixedReset 1.59 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 21.83
Evaluated at bid price : 22.30
Bid-YTW : 4.28 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset 1.60 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.62
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 3.57 %
CM.PR.O FixedReset 1.67 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.96
Evaluated at bid price : 24.30
Bid-YTW : 3.35 %
FTS.PR.K FixedReset 1.85 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 21.69
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 3.59 %
RY.PR.Z FixedReset 1.97 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.97
Evaluated at bid price : 24.29
Bid-YTW : 3.25 %
BNS.PR.Y FixedReset 2.19 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.85
Bid-YTW : 3.27 %
FTS.PR.G FixedReset 2.21 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 21.87
Evaluated at bid price : 22.20
Bid-YTW : 3.58 %
MFC.PR.L FixedReset 2.27 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.50
Bid-YTW : 4.81 %
BAM.PR.K Floater 2.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 14.91
Evaluated at bid price : 14.91
Bid-YTW : 3.37 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset 2.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 22.20
Evaluated at bid price : 22.75
Bid-YTW : 4.00 %
ENB.PR.T FixedReset 2.67 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 20.74
Evaluated at bid price : 20.74
Bid-YTW : 4.30 %
FTS.PR.H FixedReset 2.78 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 16.65
Evaluated at bid price : 16.65
Bid-YTW : 3.55 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset 3.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.85
Bid-YTW : 5.98 %
BAM.PR.C Floater 3.42 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 15.10
Evaluated at bid price : 15.10
Bid-YTW : 3.33 %
BAM.PR.B Floater 3.67 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 15.24
Evaluated at bid price : 15.24
Bid-YTW : 3.29 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 118,368 Desjardins crossed blocks of 77,000 and 21,900, both at 19.89.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 19.94
Evaluated at bid price : 19.94
Bid-YTW : 4.37 %
FTS.PR.J Perpetual-Premium 67,826 Desjardins crossed 50,000 at 24.72.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 24.29
Evaluated at bid price : 24.72
Bid-YTW : 4.86 %
ENB.PR.T FixedReset 61,411 Desjardins crossed 10,000 at 20.30; RBC crossed 16,900 at 20.60.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 20.74
Evaluated at bid price : 20.74
Bid-YTW : 4.30 %
BMO.PR.J Deemed-Retractible 57,134 Called for redemption.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2015-05-30
Maturity Price : 25.25
Evaluated at bid price : 25.22
Bid-YTW : 2.20 %
RY.PR.J FixedReset 45,145 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 23.12
Evaluated at bid price : 24.90
Bid-YTW : 3.50 %
SLF.PR.G FixedReset 43,285 YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.07
Bid-YTW : 6.86 %
There were 43 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
RY.PR.K FloatingReset Quote: 24.15 – 24.75
Spot Rate : 0.6000
Average : 0.3497

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.15
Bid-YTW : 3.04 %

GWO.PR.F Deemed-Retractible Quote: 25.55 – 26.21
Spot Rate : 0.6600
Average : 0.4547

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2015-05-30
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.55
Bid-YTW : -14.40 %

RY.PR.L FixedReset Quote: 25.64 – 26.19
Spot Rate : 0.5500
Average : 0.3528

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2019-02-24
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.64
Bid-YTW : 3.47 %

TRP.PR.F FloatingReset Quote: 18.76 – 19.25
Spot Rate : 0.4900
Average : 0.3178

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 18.76
Evaluated at bid price : 18.76
Bid-YTW : 3.42 %

FTS.PR.F Perpetual-Premium Quote: 24.43 – 25.00
Spot Rate : 0.5700
Average : 0.4004

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-30
Maturity Price : 24.15
Evaluated at bid price : 24.43
Bid-YTW : 5.08 %

MFC.PR.L FixedReset Quote: 22.50 – 23.05
Spot Rate : 0.5500
Average : 0.3828

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.50
Bid-YTW : 4.81 %

BMO.PR.J To Be Redeemed At A Premium

Thursday, April 30th, 2015

Bank of Montreal has announced (last week, actually, but I missed it):

that it will exercise its right to redeem all of its $350,000,000 Non-Cumulative Perpetual Class B Preferred Shares Series 13 (“Preferred Shares Series 13”) on May 25, 2015, at the redemption price of $25.25 per share, for total redemption proceeds of approximately $353.5 million.

Payment of the redemption price will be made by Bank of Montreal on or after May 25, 2015, upon surrender of the Preferred Shares Series 13.

Separately from the payment of the redemption price, the final quarterly dividend of $0.28125 per share for the Preferred Shares Series 13 will be paid in the usual manner on May 25, 2015, to shareholders of record on May 1, 2015.

Notice will be delivered to holders of the Preferred Shares Series 13 in accordance with the terms outlined in the Preferred Shares Series 13 prospectus supplement.

BMO.PR.J is a 4.50% DeemedRetractible announced 2007-1-8 which commenced trading 2007-1-17.

Holders are strongly urged to consider the tax implications of the redemption: it is being executed at a premium to par ($25.25) and will therefore be treated for tax purposes as a sale at 25.00 with a Deemed Dividend (taxed like any other dividend) of $0.25. If an investor sells on the market, however, it will be taxed as a sale at whatever price he gets (probably a penny or two below the redemption price), with none of the Deemed Dividend complication. The choice between the two options will be a function of transaction costs and the investors individual tax circumstances; please consult your personal tax advisor.

April 29, 2015

Wednesday, April 29th, 2015

The big news of the day was the FOMC press release:

Information received since the Federal Open Market Committee met in March suggests that economic growth slowed during the winter months, in part reflecting transitory factors. The pace of job gains moderated, and the unemployment rate remained steady. A range of labor market indicators suggests that underutilization of labor resources was little changed. Growth in household spending declined; households’ real incomes rose strongly, partly reflecting earlier declines in energy prices, and consumer sentiment remains high. Business fixed investment softened, the recovery in the housing sector remained slow, and exports declined. Inflation continued to run below the Committee’s longer-run objective, partly reflecting earlier declines in energy prices and decreasing prices of non-energy imports. Market-based measures of inflation compensation remain low; survey-based measures of longer-term inflation expectations have remained stable.

The word “transitory” was bad for bonds:

U.S. government debt declined a third day as a rout in European bonds made U.S. securities less attractive. Yields briefly dropped after the Fed said a first-quarter economic slowdown was transitory, with the selloff recommencing as traders looked in vain for some direction in the central bank’s policy statement.

“They’re like everyone else, looking at the data and saying ‘we think it’s transitory,’” said New York-based Jack Flaherty, who manages the $17 billion GAM Unconstrained Bond Strategy. “But their crystal ball is no better than anyone else’s.”

The yield on the 10-year note rose four basis points, or 0.04 percentage point, to 2.04 percent as of 5 p.m. in New York, according to Bloomberg Bond Trader data. The price of the benchmark 2 percent security due in February 2025 fell 10/32, or $3.13 per $1,000 face value, to 99 21/32.

Yields touched 2.08 percent, the highest since March 16, still below the 2014 close of 2.17 percent.

Rout in European bonds? That sounds interesting:

German 10-year bond yields rose 12 basis points, or 0.12 percentage point, to a seven-week high of 0.29 percent as of the London close. That’s the biggest jump since January 2013. The 0.5 percent bund due in February 2025 fell 1.195, or 11.95 euros per 1,000-euro face amount, to 102.075.

The volume of bund futures contracts traded climbed to 1,099,253, the most since March 5.

Germany got bids of 3.649 billion euros at its notes auction, short of the 4 billion-euro sales goal. It’s the first time an auction of five-year debt missed the target since Jan. 21 and the third bond sale that was technically uncovered this year, according to data compiled by Bloomberg. The nation sold the securities due in 2020 at an average yield of minus 0.07 percent.

Adding to the supply pressure, Italy auctioned 8.25 billion euros of debt on Wednesday, while Portugal sold 2.5 billion euros of 10- and 30-year bonds via banks.

Bonds extended losses across Europe amid signs inflation is reviving in the region, reducing the value of fixed payments on bonds.

So at least Bernanke will have interesting things to discuss:

Pimco has hired former Federal Reserve chairman Ben Bernanke as a senior adviser, the bond fund manager said Wednesday.

It’s the latest private venture for Bernanke, who since his departure from the nation’s central bank last year has been on the speaking circuit and was recently hired by a major hedge fund as an adviser as well.

Bernanke will provide economic advice to Pimco’s fund managers and will occasionally interact with the firm’s clients, the Newport Beach, Calif.-based company said.

In response to higher bond yields and particularly higher anticipated GOC-5 rates, the Canadian preferred share market roared ahead today, albeit rather unevenly, with PerpetualDiscounts up 9bp, FixedResets winning 91bp and DeemedRetractibles gaining 7bp. The Performance Highlights table is, um, about what you would expect, with no losers. Volume was above average, with more than usual inter-dealer block trades.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150429
Click for Big

TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 23.81 to be $0.95 rich, while TRP.PR.G, resetting 2020-11-30 at +296, is $0.71 cheap at its bid price of 25.00.

impVol_MFC_150429
Click for Big

Another excellent fit, but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.N, resetting at +230 on 2020-3-19, bid at 23.40 to be $0.31 rich, while MFC.PR.H, resetting at +313bp on 2017-3-19, is bid at 25.35 to be $0.52 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150429
Click for Big

The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 19.95 to be $0.76 cheap. BAM.PR.X, resetting at +180bp 2017-6-30 is bid at 18.55 and appears to be $1.00 rich.

impVol_FTS_150429
Click for Big

FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 16.20, looks $0.91 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.M, with a spread of +248bp and resetting 2019-12-1, is bid at 24.95 and is $0.58 rich.

pairs_FR_150429
Click for Big

Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.25%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.54% and the new BNS.PR.Y / BNS.PR.D pair is at +0.95%. The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.52%.

pairs_FF_150429
Click for Big

Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.3897 % 2,229.7
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 2.3897 % 3,898.6
Floater 3.26 % 3.42 % 55,665 18.71 4 2.3897 % 2,370.4
OpRet 4.42 % -6.02 % 39,596 0.09 2 0.1376 % 2,769.1
SplitShare 4.57 % 4.55 % 68,452 3.38 3 0.0934 % 3,228.0
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.1376 % 2,532.1
Perpetual-Premium 5.32 % 3.53 % 70,686 0.09 25 0.0206 % 2,520.3
Perpetual-Discount 5.13 % 5.29 % 137,780 14.96 9 0.0852 % 2,779.8
FixedReset 4.45 % 3.74 % 285,909 16.52 86 0.9057 % 2,383.7
Deemed-Retractible 4.93 % 2.91 % 112,075 0.32 36 0.0688 % 2,648.4
FloatingReset 2.51 % 3.07 % 72,413 6.22 9 0.4494 % 2,319.4
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
TRP.PR.D FixedReset 1.05 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.42
Evaluated at bid price : 23.13
Bid-YTW : 3.64 %
IAG.PR.G FixedReset 1.05 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.00
Bid-YTW : 3.92 %
BNS.PR.D FloatingReset 1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.51
Bid-YTW : 3.23 %
BAM.PR.R FixedReset 1.17 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.95
Evaluated at bid price : 19.95
Bid-YTW : 4.19 %
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 1.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.69
Evaluated at bid price : 19.69
Bid-YTW : 4.43 %
BAM.PR.T FixedReset 1.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 20.20
Evaluated at bid price : 20.20
Bid-YTW : 4.15 %
FTS.PR.M FixedReset 1.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 23.18
Evaluated at bid price : 24.95
Bid-YTW : 3.44 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset 1.42 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.84
Evaluated at bid price : 22.21
Bid-YTW : 4.12 %
BMO.PR.T FixedReset 1.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.76
Evaluated at bid price : 23.85
Bid-YTW : 3.35 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset 1.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.31
Evaluated at bid price : 23.05
Bid-YTW : 3.96 %
MFC.PR.M FixedReset 1.46 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.64
Bid-YTW : 4.34 %
BNS.PR.Z FixedReset 1.47 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.84
Bid-YTW : 3.88 %
FTS.PR.G FixedReset 1.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.39
Evaluated at bid price : 21.72
Bid-YTW : 3.66 %
MFC.PR.L FixedReset 1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 5.10 %
ENB.PF.A FixedReset 1.59 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.43
Evaluated at bid price : 21.69
Bid-YTW : 4.37 %
MFC.PR.N FixedReset 1.69 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.40
Bid-YTW : 4.40 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset 1.71 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.73
Evaluated at bid price : 23.81
Bid-YTW : 3.55 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset 1.76 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.92
Evaluated at bid price : 24.25
Bid-YTW : 3.30 %
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 1.79 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.85
Evaluated at bid price : 19.85
Bid-YTW : 4.30 %
ENB.PR.P FixedReset 1.83 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 20.60
Evaluated at bid price : 20.60
Bid-YTW : 4.32 %
IFC.PR.C FixedReset 1.86 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.70
Bid-YTW : 3.84 %
SLF.PR.H FixedReset 2.11 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.75
Bid-YTW : 4.93 %
ENB.PF.C FixedReset 2.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.47
Evaluated at bid price : 21.76
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
ENB.PR.F FixedReset 2.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 20.14
Evaluated at bid price : 20.14
Bid-YTW : 4.40 %
BMO.PR.Q FixedReset 2.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.14
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
ENB.PF.G FixedReset 2.28 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.59
Evaluated at bid price : 21.95
Bid-YTW : 4.36 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 2.35 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset 2.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.00
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
TRP.PR.F FloatingReset 2.47 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 18.70
Evaluated at bid price : 18.70
Bid-YTW : 3.43 %
ENB.PR.H FixedReset 2.49 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 18.50
Evaluated at bid price : 18.50
Bid-YTW : 4.37 %
ENB.PF.E FixedReset 2.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.53
Evaluated at bid price : 21.86
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
ENB.PR.J FixedReset 2.59 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.55
Evaluated at bid price : 21.81
Bid-YTW : 4.22 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset 2.82 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 18.25
Evaluated at bid price : 18.25
Bid-YTW : 3.53 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset 2.87 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.78
Bid-YTW : 5.40 %
BAM.PR.B Floater 3.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 14.70
Evaluated at bid price : 14.70
Bid-YTW : 3.42 %
CIU.PR.C FixedReset 3.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 16.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.00
Bid-YTW : 3.69 %
BAM.PR.K Floater 3.77 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 14.57
Evaluated at bid price : 14.57
Bid-YTW : 3.45 %
BAM.PR.C Floater 3.91 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 14.60
Evaluated at bid price : 14.60
Bid-YTW : 3.44 %
SLF.PR.G FixedReset 4.55 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 17.25
Bid-YTW : 6.73 %
GWO.PR.N FixedReset 4.77 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 6.19 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
TD.PF.E FixedReset 309,500 Recent new issue.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 23.16
Evaluated at bid price : 25.08
Bid-YTW : 3.60 %
TRP.PR.G FixedReset 133,186 Nesbitt sold 12,900 to RBC at 25.00, crossed 40,000 at 25.00, then crossed another 40,000 at 25.01.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 23.13
Evaluated at bid price : 25.00
Bid-YTW : 3.74 %
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 94,550 RBC sold 17,700 to anonymous at 19.70, crossed 25,000 at 19.85, and crossed 10,000 at 19.76.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.85
Evaluated at bid price : 19.85
Bid-YTW : 4.30 %
CM.PR.Q FixedReset 92,970 Scotia bought blocks of 19,000 and 10,000 from CIBC at 25.00, and bought 20,000 from RBC at the same price.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 23.08
Evaluated at bid price : 24.80
Bid-YTW : 3.60 %
CM.PR.P FixedReset 80,600 RBC crossed 50,000 at 24.00; TD crossed 12,000 at the same price.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 22.79
Evaluated at bid price : 24.00
Bid-YTW : 3.32 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 74,764 RBC bought 34,600 from Desjardins at 19.60.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
There were 41 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
FTS.PR.K FixedReset Quote: 21.60 – 21.99
Spot Rate : 0.3900
Average : 0.2868

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 21.31
Evaluated at bid price : 21.60
Bid-YTW : 3.65 %

ENB.PR.B FixedReset Quote: 19.60 – 19.84
Spot Rate : 0.2400
Average : 0.1496

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %

BAM.PR.K Floater Quote: 14.57 – 14.88
Spot Rate : 0.3100
Average : 0.2279

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-29
Maturity Price : 14.57
Evaluated at bid price : 14.57
Bid-YTW : 3.45 %

GWO.PR.Q Deemed-Retractible Quote: 25.50 – 25.75
Spot Rate : 0.2500
Average : 0.1706

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.50
Bid-YTW : 4.97 %

IAG.PR.G FixedReset Quote: 25.00 – 25.35
Spot Rate : 0.3500
Average : 0.2722

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.00
Bid-YTW : 3.92 %

RY.PR.I FixedReset Quote: 25.29 – 25.50
Spot Rate : 0.2100
Average : 0.1334

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.29
Bid-YTW : 3.00 %

April 28, 2015

Tuesday, April 28th, 2015

A spokesman for the Ministry of Finance has declared there is no housing bubble:

“We don’t believe we’re in a bubble,” Bank of Canada Governor Stephen Poloz said in testimony Tuesday to the House of Commons Standing Committee on Finance. He said Canada’s long-running boom in the housing market hasn’t been underpinned by the kind of rampant speculative buying that is the hallmark of an asset bubble.

“Our housing construction has stayed very much in line with our estimates of demographic demand,” he said. “There’s no excess.”

This despite the central bank’s own estimate, published last December in its Financial System Review, that Canada’s housing market is overpriced by between 10 and 30 per cent.

Mr. Poloz indicated that he believes the overvaluation is not a symptom of runaway prices and widespread investor speculation, but rather of ongoing strength in consumer demand spurred by historically low interest rates – rates that were cut by the central bank in order to keep consumer demand buoyant to support Canada’s economy during the Great Recession.

A few months ago I received an eMail from a Concerned Investor:

This is not likely to happen but if the BOC 5 year rate fell to minus 2% or lower and some of these insanely priced resets at less than 200 basis points aren’t called ( and by the way probably never will) would the buyer be obliged to pay the issuer the difference ?

… and I answered with a reference to a PrefBlog comment that addressed a question regarding a negative GOC-5 yield.

We are now seeing some real life examples in European markets:

Negative interest rates are an odd fish in the world of finance given that they basically wreak havoc on a central tenet of investing; that investors will be compensated in some way for, you know, investing in things.

Bloomberg’s Alastair Marsh reports today on POPYM 2007-2 A3G, a 2007 securitization deal that bundled together loans made to small businesses in Spain. Trustees for the bonds appear to be halting coupon payments to the debt’s investors after a benchmark interest rate to which the deal is tied turned negative in recent days.

While this particular Spanish securitization, put together by Banco Popular, does have a legal clause that stops coupons from turning negative, it’s highly unlikely that all banks which created such bond deals would have anticipated an era of negative rates. In other words, it’s not entirely clear how such securitized debt will react to a sub-zero world.

For what it’s worth, Danish mortgage lender Nykredit said last month that it would fix coupon rates on its own floating-rate bonds to zero if benchmark interest rates turn negative.

Negative yields! On a protracted basis! Ha-ha! That’s as ridiculous an idea as thinking there could ever be a significant decline in US national real-estate prices!

I noted a broadly based retail trend towards low-cost funds and ETFs on April 24. One impediment to such a trend in Canada has just been addressed:

Exchange-traded funds will now be more readily available to investors as an industry solution announced Tuesday will provide mutual fund advisers direction on how to sell ETFs.

Unlike mutual funds, ETFs are sold on an exchange. Currently, mutual fund licensed representatives can trade in exchange-traded funds that meet the definition of a mutual fund under securities legislation. This includes the majority of ETFs in the marketplace.

The problem for the majority of mutual fund advisers is that they do not have access to an exchange in order to settle the trade.

The Canadian ETF Association (CEFTA), along with the Federation of Mutual Fund Dealers (FMFD), announced mutual fund dealers would soon be able to provide advisers access to an exchange through a partnership with custody and trade execution provider National Bank Correspondent Network (NBCN). The solution was announced at the FMFD conference earlier Tuesday.

Of course, there’s a very good chance that the fees on fee-based accounts will (i) exceed the savings generated by the migration and/or (ii) dissuade unsophisticated investors from the notion, but we’ll just have to see how everything shakes out.

Treasury yields rose significantly today:

Treasury 10-year yields reached 2 percent for the first time in a month as the Federal Reserve began a two-day policy meeting and investors were lured away by higher-yielding corporate debt.

U.S. government debt dropped for a second day as Fed policy makers gathered in Washington to debate whether growth is strong enough to raise borrowing costs for the first time since 2006, with economists forecasting a September move. Oracle Corp. and Amgen Inc. are raising money in the bond market, weighing down Treasuries as underwriters hedged bets on interest rates.

Yields on 10-year note yields rose eight basis points, or 0.08 percentage point, to 2 percent as of 5 p.m. New York time, according to Bloomberg Bond Trader data. The price of the benchmark 2 percent security due in February 2025 fell 23/32, or $7.19 per $1,000 face value, to 99 31/32.

It’s the first time yields have touched 2 percent since March 26, along with the highest close since March 17 and biggest increase since March 6. Yields are still down from the 2014 close of 2.17 percent.

Treasury five-year note yields added six basis points to 1.40 percent.

In a very encouraging sign, we see an investment firm hiring traders:

Canyon Partners co-Chief Executive Officer Josh Friedman says his credit investment firm has added traders from Wall Street as banks exit market making.

“Wall Street has lots of traders who are available because they’re not allowed to take positions,” Friedman said in a Bloomberg Television interview with Stephanie Ruhle Monday at the Milken Institute Global Conference in Beverly Hills, California. “If we’re interested in buying a security, we want to make sure we have very high talent level on the trading desk to be able to go out and source those securities at cheap prices.”

“It’s hard to move large blocks of debt and we’ll find that the people who actually buy it are not intermediaries, but they’ll be end consumers who are not leveraged,” he said. “It means there will be other types of opportunities to make money.”

A “handful or maybe two handfuls” of other credit firms are taking similar action, said Friedman.

And finally, here’s an alternative investment I could wrap myself around:

A U.K. brewer is offering investors an alternative to record-low interest rates at home and negative bond yields in the euro area: bottles of its own craft beer.

Innis & Gunn Brewing Co. Ltd., which is based in Edinburgh, is offering beer coupons in place of interest payments on a 3 million-pound ($4.6 million) notes issue. It’s just the latest small company to embrace crowdfunding to raise cash.

The brewer will use the proceeds of the four-year sale to fund the construction of a new site. The notes offer gross annual interest of 7.25 percent for investments starting at 500 pounds. Investors opting to be paid in beer will receive the equivalent of 9 percent interest a year, the company said.

It was a violently mixed day for the Canadian preferred share market, with PerpetualDiscounts off 20bp, FixedResets up 36bp and DeemedRetractibles gaining 2bp. The Performance Highlights table is lengthy, with ENB, TRP and BAM issues again prominent. Volume was on the high side of average.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150428
Click for Big

TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 23.41 to be $0.71 rich, while TRP.PR.B, resetting 2015-6-30 at +128, is $0.59 cheap at its bid price of 15.05.

impVol_MFC_150428
Click for Big

Another excellent fit, but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.I, resetting at +286 on 2017-9-19, bid at 25.28 to be $0.34 rich, while MFC.PR.L, resetting at +216bp on 2019-6-19, is bid at 21.66 to be $0.64 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150428
Click for Big

The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 19.72 to be $0.81 cheap. BAM.PR.X, resetting at +180bp 2017-6-30 is bid at 28.46 and appears to be $1.08 rich.

impVol_FTS_150428
Click for Big

FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 16.15, looks $0.77 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.M, with a spread of +248bp and resetting 2019-12-1, is bid at 24.61 and is $0.45 rich.

It’s nice to see FTS.PR.M replace FTS.PR.K as most expensive of the series. I think this is the first change in either extremity for as long as I’ve been producing these daily Implied Volatility reports.

pairs_FR_150428
Click for Big

Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.25%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.84% and the new BNS.PR.Y / BNS.PR.D pair is at +0.83%. The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.58%.

pairs_FF_150428
Click for Big

Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.5883 % 2,177.7
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.5883 % 3,807.6
Floater 3.33 % 3.52 % 55,671 18.46 4 0.5883 % 2,315.1
OpRet 4.42 % -4.21 % 40,163 0.09 2 0.0197 % 2,765.3
SplitShare 4.57 % 4.58 % 69,159 3.38 3 0.1069 % 3,225.0
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0197 % 2,528.6
Perpetual-Premium 5.32 % 4.23 % 70,073 0.50 25 0.1538 % 2,519.8
Perpetual-Discount 5.14 % 5.29 % 139,041 14.96 9 -0.2032 % 2,777.5
FixedReset 4.49 % 3.81 % 288,512 16.36 86 0.3569 % 2,362.3
Deemed-Retractible 4.92 % 2.63 % 112,597 0.32 36 0.0199 % 2,646.6
FloatingReset 2.52 % 3.11 % 73,163 6.22 9 0.2398 % 2,309.1
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BAM.PF.B FixedReset -1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 21.62
Evaluated at bid price : 21.90
Bid-YTW : 4.18 %
ENB.PR.H FixedReset -1.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 18.05
Evaluated at bid price : 18.05
Bid-YTW : 4.48 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset -1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 17.25
Evaluated at bid price : 17.25
Bid-YTW : 3.61 %
FTS.PR.H FixedReset -1.22 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 16.15
Evaluated at bid price : 16.15
Bid-YTW : 3.66 %
BAM.PR.T FixedReset -1.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 19.93
Evaluated at bid price : 19.93
Bid-YTW : 4.21 %
BAM.PR.K Floater 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 14.04
Evaluated at bid price : 14.04
Bid-YTW : 3.58 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset 1.11 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.20
Bid-YTW : 6.41 %
ENB.PF.A FixedReset 1.14 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 21.35
Evaluated at bid price : 21.35
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset 1.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.01
Evaluated at bid price : 24.45
Bid-YTW : 3.93 %
PWF.PR.T FixedReset 1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.26
Evaluated at bid price : 24.95
Bid-YTW : 3.32 %
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 19.45
Evaluated at bid price : 19.45
Bid-YTW : 4.48 %
BAM.PF.A FixedReset 1.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.03
Evaluated at bid price : 24.25
Bid-YTW : 3.97 %
ELF.PR.H Perpetual-Premium 1.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2021-04-17
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.82
Bid-YTW : 4.92 %
VNR.PR.A FixedReset 1.30 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.16
Evaluated at bid price : 24.21
Bid-YTW : 3.84 %
TRP.PR.A FixedReset 1.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 20.40
Evaluated at bid price : 20.40
Bid-YTW : 3.59 %
BNS.PR.Z FixedReset 1.44 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.51
Bid-YTW : 4.12 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset 1.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 22.99
Evaluated at bid price : 24.55
Bid-YTW : 3.92 %
BNS.PR.D FloatingReset 1.64 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.26
Bid-YTW : 3.40 %
HSE.PR.C FixedReset 1.66 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.50
Bid-YTW : 4.15 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 1.70 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 19.15
Evaluated at bid price : 19.15
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset 1.76 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.20
Bid-YTW : 5.76 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset 2.05 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.45
Bid-YTW : 4.76 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset 2.31 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 15.05
Evaluated at bid price : 15.05
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
ENB.PR.J FixedReset 2.46 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 21.26
Evaluated at bid price : 21.26
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
BAM.PR.X FixedReset 2.56 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 18.46
Evaluated at bid price : 18.46
Bid-YTW : 3.95 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 470,488 TD crossed two blocks of 230,000 each, both at 19.56.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 19.50
Evaluated at bid price : 19.50
Bid-YTW : 4.38 %
HSE.PR.A FixedReset 85,051 RBC crossed 25,000 at 16.10.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 16.05
Evaluated at bid price : 16.05
Bid-YTW : 4.23 %
ENB.PR.F FixedReset 83,952 TD crossed 25,000 at 19.80, then another 25,000 at 19.77. Desjardns crossed 20,000 at 19.64.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 19.70
Evaluated at bid price : 19.70
Bid-YTW : 4.50 %
TD.PF.E FixedReset 82,980 Recent new issue.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.12
Evaluated at bid price : 24.97
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset 73,846 TD crossed 61,100 at 14.83.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 15.05
Evaluated at bid price : 15.05
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset 62,000 Scotia crossed blocks of 13,900 and 15,000, both at 17.68. TD crossed 14,000 at the same price.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 17.75
Evaluated at bid price : 17.75
Bid-YTW : 3.63 %
There were 38 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
BAM.PF.A FixedReset Quote: 24.25 – 25.00
Spot Rate : 0.7500
Average : 0.4540

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.03
Evaluated at bid price : 24.25
Bid-YTW : 3.97 %

SLF.PR.H FixedReset Quote: 21.30 – 21.80
Spot Rate : 0.5000
Average : 0.3446

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.30
Bid-YTW : 5.19 %

GWO.PR.F Deemed-Retractible Quote: 25.55 – 25.95
Spot Rate : 0.4000
Average : 0.2732

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2015-05-28
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.55
Bid-YTW : -14.76 %

CU.PR.G Perpetual-Discount Quote: 23.16 – 23.52
Spot Rate : 0.3600
Average : 0.2409

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 22.86
Evaluated at bid price : 23.16
Bid-YTW : 4.92 %

BAM.PF.E FixedReset Quote: 22.72 – 23.35
Spot Rate : 0.6300
Average : 0.5364

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 22.12
Evaluated at bid price : 22.72
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %

FTS.PR.M FixedReset Quote: 24.61 – 24.98
Spot Rate : 0.3700
Average : 0.2840

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-28
Maturity Price : 23.05
Evaluated at bid price : 24.61
Bid-YTW : 3.51 %

April 27,2015

Monday, April 27th, 2015

I talked about my fascination with the Amazon drone proposal on April 13 and it turns out that one Assiduous Reader is involved with the project up to his neck! Now some more details have been released:

In its most detailed public disclosure about a proposed service called Prime Air, Amazon is arguing that cargo drones should be allowed to take flight if the online retailer can show they’re not going to collide with planes or crash to the ground.

The drones, still in development, would mostly fly at least 200 feet off the ground, relying on sensors and computers to select a route to customers’ doors and avoid hazards, Amazon said in a request Friday to the Federal Aviation Administration seeking leniency on pending drone regulations. One Amazon employee would operate many drones simultaneously, according to the request letter.

The FAA’s proposed rules would block Amazon’s plans. The agency proposal wouldn’t allow drones to carry commercial cargo and would require they only be flown within sight of an operator, prohibiting flights of 10 miles (16 kilometers), or longer, envisioned by Amazon.

Instead of flatly prohibiting such flights, the FAA needs to set up criteria to allow them if Amazon or other companies can demonstrate they’re safe and reliable, Misener said.

The Small UAV Coalition, a trade group representing companies including Amazon and Google Inc., and the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International, another trade group for the drone industry, filed similar comments as Amazon.

AUVSI said the FAA should drop its proposed ban of night drone flights if a user could demonstrate they were as safe as daytime operations.

It also highlights the cutting-edge robotics and computer technology underpinning what Amazon wants to do. If a drone loses radio contact with its operator, it must be capable of safely returning to base or landing without harming people or property, for example.

Amazon envisions using automated sensors to “sense-and-avoid” other drones and obstructions, according to its letter. Except for takeoff and landing, drones would stay in a zone of 200 feet to 500 feet from the ground. Most traditional planes and helicopters fly above 500 feet.

I confess to some surprise that the major courier companies are not members of the Small UAV Coalition, but while there are reports that they’re interested in drones, they’re more interested in big ones. Small ones are deprecated; but the Big FedEx Guy sounds a lot like the guys who thought the worldwide market for computers was maybe six units:

Speaking exclusively to IBTimes UK, David Binks, the President of EMEA at FedEx Express, confirmed that the company has “had some conversations” with drone manufacturers – as it does with other technological companies, such as the manufacturers of driverless cars – but that he can only envisage a time when the robots will take a “niche” place in the delivery sector.

“That’s a topic that comes up frequently. I think drones are an interesting tech in terms of what learning we can get out of them and what they facilitate in terms of future technology. We keep an eye on that, we work with the organisations who are developing those types of technology as we do with the automotive industry, who are working on driverless vehicles,” he added.

“I can see a time when perhaps they have a niche use. I don’t know whether that would become a widespread parcel delivery network. We’d have an awful lot of drones in the sky.

“It might be for a very specific delivery opportunity in a remote area where it’s very difficult to get to. I think that type of use might be interesting in the future.”

It will be fascinating to learn how all this shakes out over the next few years; I look forward to the day when I can order beer and pizza at 4am and pick it up from the helipad on the front porch!

Assiduous Reader JP sends me yet another great link (well done, JP!) from the Economist titled Frozen: Regulators have made banking safer. But has that made markets riskier?:

TO ENSURE that it meets the 750 new rules on capital imposed in the aftermath of the financial crisis, JPMorgan Chase employs over 950 people. A further 400 or so try to follow around 500 regulations on the liquidity of its assets, designed to stop the bank toppling over if markets seize up. A team of 300 is needed to monitor compliance with the Volcker rule, which in almost 1,000 pages restricts banks from trading on their own account.

The intention of all these rules is to prevent a repeat of the bankruptcies and bail-outs of 2008. But some observers, including JPMorgan’s boss, Jamie Dimon, and Larry Summers, a former Treasury secretary, argue that in their rush to make banks safer, regulators may have created a riskier financial system. By throttling the bits of banks that “make markets” in bonds, shares, currencies and commodities, the theory goes, watchdogs have made such assets less liquid. Investors may not be able to buy and sell them quickly, cheaply and without moving the price. The consequences in a downturn, when markets are less liquid anyway, could be severe.

The problem is the elimination of the ‘three pillars’ of the financial system: banks, insurers and securities dealers. First the banks were allowed to swallow up the securities sector (or, as in the case of Goldman Sachs, securities dealers were converted willy-nilly into banks). Then banks were no longer permitted to act as securities dealers. And all this has been done without anybody, even once, thinking about what they were doing.

I have no problem with forcing the banks out of the securities business; in fact, I support the idea. But really, something should be in place beforehand, don’t you think? We need to nurture the next generation of securities dealers – I suggest that hedge funds should be, generally speaking, happy to set up trading operations … but you can bet that should they start attempting to do this, they will be vilified by regulators and self-proclaimed “investor advocates” … particularly the ones who like to parade their ignorance by demanding that bonds be exchange traded.

It was a mixed but strong day for the Canadian preferred share market with PerpetualDiscounts gaining 3bp, FixedResets up 48bp and DeemedRetractibles off 1bp. ENB and TRP FixedResets were prominent on the winning side of a lengthy Performance Highlights table. Volume was on the high side of average.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150427
Click for Big

TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 23.30 to be $0.75 rich, while TRP.PR.B, resetting 2015-6-30 at +128, is $0.75 cheap at its bid price of 14.71.

impVol_MFC_150427
Click for Big

Another excellent fit (despite a sharp increase in Implied Volatility today), but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum, although it declined substantially today. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.M, resetting at +236 on 2019-12-19, bid at 23.50 to be $0.53 rich, while MFC.PR.L, resetting at +216bp on 2019-6-19, is bid at 21.44 to be $0.69 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150427
Click for Big

The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 19.91 to be $0.59 cheap. BAM.PF.E, resetting at +255bp 2020-3-31 is bid at 22.70 and appears to be $0.63 rich.

impVol_FTS_150427
Click for Big

FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 16.35, looks $0.51 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.K, with a spread of +205bp and resetting 2019-3-1, is bid at 21.58 and is $0.40 rich.

pairs_FR_150427
Click for Big

Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.20%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.77% and the new BNS.PR.Y / BNS.PR.D pair is at +0.63%. The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.69%0.

pairs_FF_150427
Click for Big

Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3204 % 2,165.0
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.3204 % 3,785.4
Floater 3.35 % 3.54 % 56,374 18.42 4 0.3204 % 2,301.5
OpRet 4.42 % -3.69 % 41,508 0.10 2 0.0984 % 2,764.8
SplitShare 4.58 % 4.57 % 68,024 3.38 3 -0.0934 % 3,221.6
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0984 % 2,528.1
Perpetual-Premium 5.33 % 4.33 % 65,449 0.09 25 0.0920 % 2,515.9
Perpetual-Discount 5.13 % 5.26 % 140,526 15.01 9 0.0331 % 2,783.1
FixedReset 4.50 % 3.80 % 288,203 16.49 86 0.4823 % 2,353.9
Deemed-Retractible 4.92 % 2.95 % 112,950 0.32 36 -0.0111 % 2,646.0
FloatingReset 2.53 % 3.07 % 73,437 6.22 9 -1.8712 % 2,303.5
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
CIU.PR.C FixedReset -1.88 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 15.63
Evaluated at bid price : 15.63
Bid-YTW : 3.77 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset -1.37 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 6.54 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset -1.34 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 17.66
Evaluated at bid price : 17.66
Bid-YTW : 3.65 %
TD.PR.T FloatingReset -1.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.80
Bid-YTW : 3.02 %
SLF.PR.E Deemed-Retractible -1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.25
Bid-YTW : 5.51 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset -1.04 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 22.95
Evaluated at bid price : 23.85
Bid-YTW : 4.14 %
ENB.PR.F FixedReset 1.03 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 4.53 %
BMO.PR.Q FixedReset 1.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.70
Bid-YTW : 4.10 %
HSE.PR.A FixedReset 1.07 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 16.07
Evaluated at bid price : 16.07
Bid-YTW : 4.23 %
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 1.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 19.41
Evaluated at bid price : 19.41
Bid-YTW : 4.40 %
ENB.PR.P FixedReset 1.10 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 20.14
Evaluated at bid price : 20.14
Bid-YTW : 4.42 %
SLF.PR.H FixedReset 1.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.19
Bid-YTW : 5.25 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset 1.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.00
Bid-YTW : 5.01 %
BAM.PR.K Floater 1.16 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 13.90
Evaluated at bid price : 13.90
Bid-YTW : 3.61 %
MFC.PR.J FixedReset 1.27 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.00
Bid-YTW : 4.23 %
ENB.PR.T FixedReset 1.37 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 20.00
Evaluated at bid price : 20.00
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 1.45 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 18.83
Evaluated at bid price : 18.83
Bid-YTW : 4.54 %
ENB.PF.G FixedReset 1.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 21.27
Evaluated at bid price : 21.27
Bid-YTW : 4.53 %
BNS.PR.R FixedReset 1.54 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.65
Bid-YTW : 2.92 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset 1.57 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 17.50
Evaluated at bid price : 17.50
Bid-YTW : 3.56 %
IAG.PR.G FixedReset 1.69 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.71
Bid-YTW : 4.07 %
ENB.PR.J FixedReset 1.87 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 20.75
Evaluated at bid price : 20.75
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
BAM.PR.X FixedReset 1.98 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 18.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.00
Bid-YTW : 4.06 %
ENB.PR.N FixedReset 1.99 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 20.55
Evaluated at bid price : 20.55
Bid-YTW : 4.47 %
ENB.PF.E FixedReset 2.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 21.15
Evaluated at bid price : 21.15
Bid-YTW : 4.53 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset 2.15 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 22.47
Evaluated at bid price : 23.30
Bid-YTW : 3.65 %
FTS.PR.H FixedReset 2.19 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 16.35
Evaluated at bid price : 16.35
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
ENB.PF.A FixedReset 2.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 21.11
Evaluated at bid price : 21.11
Bid-YTW : 4.51 %
ENB.PR.H FixedReset 2.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 18.33
Evaluated at bid price : 18.33
Bid-YTW : 4.41 %
ENB.PF.C FixedReset 2.37 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 21.14
Evaluated at bid price : 21.14
Bid-YTW : 4.50 %
TRP.PR.A FixedReset 3.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 20.11
Evaluated at bid price : 20.11
Bid-YTW : 3.64 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
HSE.PR.A FixedReset 262,493 RBC crossed 174,500 at 16.05, 32,000 at 16.09 and bought 10,200 from CIBC at 16.00.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 16.07
Evaluated at bid price : 16.07
Bid-YTW : 4.23 %
TD.PF.E FixedReset 134,940 Recent new issue.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 23.11
Evaluated at bid price : 24.93
Bid-YTW : 3.63 %
GWO.PR.M Deemed-Retractible 75,400 Nesbitt crossed 75,000 at 26.22.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2015-05-27
Maturity Price : 26.00
Evaluated at bid price : 26.22
Bid-YTW : 0.11 %
BMO.PR.M FixedReset 58,235 RBC crossed blocks of 28,900 and 20,000, both at 25.22.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.22
Bid-YTW : 2.92 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 50,540 Scotia crossed 10,000 at 18.72; RBC crossed 22,600 at the same price.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 18.83
Evaluated at bid price : 18.83
Bid-YTW : 4.54 %
RY.PR.D Deemed-Retractible 50,030 Scotia crossed 40,000 at 25.25.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2015-05-27
Maturity Price : 25.25
Evaluated at bid price : 25.23
Bid-YTW : 1.42 %
There were 37 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
ELF.PR.H Perpetual-Premium Quote: 25.50 – 26.00
Spot Rate : 0.5000
Average : 0.3155

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2020-04-17
Maturity Price : 25.25
Evaluated at bid price : 25.50
Bid-YTW : 5.28 %

CIU.PR.C FixedReset Quote: 15.63 – 16.60
Spot Rate : 0.9700
Average : 0.7925

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 15.63
Evaluated at bid price : 15.63
Bid-YTW : 3.77 %

BAM.PF.E FixedReset Quote: 22.70 – 23.26
Spot Rate : 0.5600
Average : 0.4338

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 22.10
Evaluated at bid price : 22.70
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %

BAM.PR.N Perpetual-Discount Quote: 22.60 – 22.95
Spot Rate : 0.3500
Average : 0.2357

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-27
Maturity Price : 22.15
Evaluated at bid price : 22.60
Bid-YTW : 5.29 %

SLF.PR.E Deemed-Retractible Quote: 23.25 – 23.56
Spot Rate : 0.3100
Average : 0.1994

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.25
Bid-YTW : 5.51 %

TD.PR.T FloatingReset Quote: 23.80 – 24.08
Spot Rate : 0.2800
Average : 0.1743

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.80
Bid-YTW : 3.02 %

BNS.PR.D: No Surprises On Debut

Monday, April 27th, 2015

As has been previously reported on PrefBlog, there was a 42% conversion of BNS.PR.Y into BNS.PR.D on its first Exchange Date.

BNS.PR.D is a FloatingReset 3MoBills+100bp. The issue traded 500 shares today (consolidated exchanges) in a range of 22.00-23.90 (!) before closing at 21.90-30.

Vital statistics are:

BNS.PR.D FloatingReset YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.90
Bid-YTW : 3.66 %

As may be seen on the Strong Pairs analysis …:

pairs_FR_150427
Click for Big

investment grade FixedReset/FloatingReset pairs have an average break-even three-month bill rate of about 0.20%; outliers are TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F (not shown) at -0.77%, and the BNS.PR.Y / BNS.PR.D pair at +0.63%.

Sarao Looking More Like a Hero All The Time!

Saturday, April 25th, 2015

We will all remember that Navinder Singh Sarao has been elected Official Flash Crash Scapegoat by the US Department of Justice.

But the case continues to bring more questions than it purports to answer – even Flash Boys’ author Michael Lewis shows a grudging admiration for the man:

The people at the CFTC who decided to come forth, five years after the fact, with this new and improved explanation for the flash crash, must have known they would be creating a controversy with themselves at the center of it. It’s actually sort of brave of them.

They’ve been ridiculed in the news media and will no doubt soon be hauled before various congressional committees. They’ll have annoyed their colleagues at the Securities and Exchange Commission, who now look like even greater fools than they did before, for not bothering to mention in their report on the crash the various nefarious activities of algorithmic traders, and instead offering up as the primary cause of the crash a stupid mistake made by a money manager in Kansas. The authors of the SEC report either consciously ignored or did not bother to acquire from the CFTC a lot of accessible, and damning, information about what was happening in the U.S. stock markets the day of the flash crash. The world will now want to know why they did this.

Then there is the biggest question of all: How can a guy working from his parents’ house in suburban England whose only actionable orders were to BUY stock market futures cause such a sensational collapse in U.S. stocks? On the day of the flash crash, Sarao never actually sold stocks. He was trying to trick the market into falling so that he could buy in more cheaply. But whom did he fool with his trick? Whose algorithms were so easily gamed that they responded to phony sell orders by creating a crash? Stupidity isn’t a crime. Still, it would be interesting to know who, at this particular poker table, on this particular day, was the fool.

It would also be interesting to know how it occurred to Sarao that his trick might work. There’s a fabulous yet-to-be-told story here, about a smart kid in the U.K. who somehow figures out that the machines that execute the stock market trades of others might be gamed — and so he games them.

Eric Hunsader of Nanex takes time to point out that a recent spoofing penalty cost $50,000:

Pursuant to an offer of settlement in which Jonathan Brims (“Brims”) neither admitted nor denied the rule violations upon which the penalty is based, on January 20, 2015, a Panel of the CBOT Business Conduct Committee (“BCC” or “Panel”) found that it had jurisdiction over Brims pursuant to CBOT Rules 400 and 402 as the conduct occurred while Brims was an employee of a CBOT member firm. The Panel also found that during the time period from September 2011 through December 2012, Brims, on multiple occasions, entered large orders in the 5-Year Note, 10-Year Note, Bond, and Ultra Bond futures contract markets without the intent to trade. The Panel specifically found that Brims placed a small order to sell (buy) in the futures contract market on the CME Globex electronic trading platform (“Globex”). Brims subsequently entered multiple large-lot buy (sell) orders at or near the best bid (offer) on Globex to create the appearance of an imbalance in buy/sell pressure. Once the small order began trading, Brims canceled the large orders. The Panel further found that Brims entered the large orders for the purpose of inducing other market participants to trade against the small orders resting on the other side of the order book. The Panel concluded that Brims thereby violated CBOT Rules 432.B.2. and 432.Q.

Interestingly, Sarao provided information about (some of!) his algorithms to UK regulators, including a fascinating allegation:

I have traded using a basic TT for numerous years. Due to the fact that there were some individuals in the emini S&P who quite remarkably seemed to know WHERE 100% OF MY ORDERS WERE RESTING, even if they were over 90% partially filled !!! and hence made a concentrated effort to manipulate around those orders so they would not get filled, I decided to pay Edge Financial to build a program for me that would help disguise my orders more effectively. Initially I was told that the reason these individuals knew where all my orders were was because I traded so big and was as such ‘the elephant In the room’. However, It Is worth noting that further examination showed that their special manipulative activity occurred exactly the same if I did a 20 lot order or a 200 lot order.

I asked Edge to design 3 more functions specifically to help try and hide my orders from these people. I do not know If this can be described as HFT, to me It Is just giving me the ability to have some extra functions that my base trading software (TT) does not give me and It should be noted that I only use these functions Intermittently
and sometimes not at all. It Is called Navtrader, but it could be called anything and I was the only one who helped design it, albeit my design Ideas were 100% generated from what I had already seen other traders using already in the emini SP. Please note I believe I have only had this NavTrader since the beginning of 2013 at the very earliest

I decided that the only way I could mask my orders, was to place them as the market changed price so that they may not be seen In the ‘chaos’ of a price change. So I would have my orders pending to be placed as the market went from bid to offer or offer to bid.

The 3 main functions are as follows:
JOIN : These are pending orders that will be joined anywhere requested along the order book and become active when the price changed, Remarkably, these orders were still subject to the Insider trading I describe above, even when they are as small as a 50 lot !

SNAP: These are orders that are the same as JOIN but at the market best price ao that they become traded almost Immediately. I also have a function that lets you put In a minimum quantity so that the buy/sell SNAP order only becomes active when there Is a minimum of that number of contracts on the offer/bid. This worked rather beautifully when the mass manipulator of the e-mini sp was doing his normal manipulative activity at price 1800.00 on Friday 24th January circa 12.23pm. The fake bids he had placed were being removed too quickly for me to hit. If I had put a snap for 700 with 0 as minimum volume , It would not have been filled because as soon the bid was more than 1 lot bid the 700 would have been active. With my 699 then resting the normal forms of manipulation that occur on 100% of my orders EXCLUSIVELY would then have preceded to follow. So I put a 700 lot SNAP with a minimum volume of 600, et voila I got my full 700.

ICE: The Iceberg function on the CME Isn’t adequate for me, I hardly ever use it because It puts me at the back of the queue all the time. Hence, 2,000 needs to trade to get me out of 800 lots for example. My iceberg function is placed at a price and as soon as It Is bid/offered at the price the iceberg will take all contracts at the price up to and Including the number of my order. Again, there Is a minimum volume box, so for example I can put 50 Into it and put a sell ICE of 1,000 and then at that price every time the bid Is more than 50, the ICE will take all contracts out until 1,000 Is traded. This Is a good way of catching spoofers, and et voila I can trade 1.000 lots at one price (following on from the above example).

The other orders I sometimes place during the day are slightly away from the market price and move up and down as the market moves with It This Is to catch any blips up/down In the market so that I can make a small profit as the market comes back Into line(almost Immediately). These orders are placed rarely and only when I believe the market Is excessively weak or strong. Again, this was Inspired by other traders I could see doing the exact same thing.

Well … Assiduous Readers will be sympathetic, I hope, to my readiness to believe that one guy working alone with some occasional contract help can make the big guys look like fools. But these three functions seem perfectly straightforward to me and it will be most interesting to learn whether Sarao did in fact develop and use them and if they did in fact work as well as claimed.

Hunsader has produced a chart showing the January 24 spoofing/counter-spoofing battle:

NanexSaraoSpoofing
Click for Big

On the other hand, of course, there are some pretty damning affidavits; it seems clear that:

  • Sarao was spoofing
  • He was also engaged in anti-spoofing
  • spoofing rules are unenforceable and should be scrapped

April 24, 2015

Saturday, April 25th, 2015

A story on Bloomberg brought to my attention a Morningstar study titled 2015 Fee Study: Investors Are Driving Expense Ratios Down:

  • Investors are paying less for fund management, largely as a matter of choice.
  • The asset-weighted expense ratio across all funds was 0.64% in 2014, down from 0.65% in 2013
    and 0.76% five years ago.
  • Investors are choosing low-cost funds. Over the past decade, 95% of all flows have gone into funds in the lowest-cost quintile. Passive funds have benefited disproportionately.
  • Investors continue to move away from load-based share classes while typically lower-cost share classes, such as Institutional shares, have gained favor.
  • Firms sponsoring lineups with lower asset-weighted expense ratios—most notably Vanguard—have gained market share during the past five years.
  • Over the past five years, 63% of the fund share classes and exchange-traded products in our universe reduced their expense ratio, but only about 24% of them saw their fee fall by more than 10%.
  • Meanwhile, 21% of the share classes we examined ratcheted up their takes.
  • Estimated industry fee revenue is at an all-time high, reaching $88 billion in 2014, up from $50 billion 10 years ago.
  • During that 10-year period, industry assets under management increased 143% while the asset weighted expense ratio declined 27% and industry fee revenue grew by approximately 78%.
  • Thus, the industry—rather than fund shareholders—has benefitted most from the increase in asset under management.


During the past decade, low-cost funds have been attracting far more inflows than their more expensive peers. This has helped to reduce the industry’s average asset-weighted expense ratio over time. Mutual funds and ETPs with expense ratios ranking in the least-expensive quintile of all funds attracted an aggregate $3.03 trillion of estimated net inflows during the past 10 years, compared with just $160 billion for funds in the remaining four quintiles. That is to say that 95% of all flows have gone into funds in the lowest-cost quintile. Passive funds (mutual funds and ETPs) have been prominent recipients of the capital flowing into low-cost funds. Compared with funds falling in cost quintiles 2 through 5, funds in the lowest-cost quintile are more likely to be index funds.

fundFlowsByExpenseQuintile
Click For Big

Note that in the US trailers are referred to as 12b-1 fees. The SEC is attemting to ensure that the paperwork associated with such fees is maximized.

Investor Advocates – generally more accurately referred to as “Increased Employment Of Regulators Advocates”, or “Paid Stalking Horses For Regulators” or simply as “Blowhards Without Brains, Knowledge Or Mandate” – will be horrified at the notion that investors are migrating to lower-cost funds without the benefit of increased regulation.

BNS Split Corp. II, proud issuer of BSC.PR.B, has been confirmed at Pfd-2 by DBRS:

The dividends received from the Portfolio are used to pay a fixed cumulative quarterly distribution of $0.2003 per share to holders of the Class B Preferred Shares, yielding approximately 4.25% annually on the initial issue price of $18.85. The current yield on the Portfolio shares fully covers the Class B Preferred Share dividends, providing dividend coverage (net of expenses) of approximately 2.5 times. The Class A Capital Shares receive all excess dividend income after the Class B Preferred Share distributions and other expenses of the Company have been paid.

The performance of the Company has been somewhat volatile since the last rating action. However, downside protection did increase to 68.2% on April 16, 2015, compared with 67.5% on April 10, 2014. A recent increase in dividend distributions from the Bank of Nova Scotia helped boost the dividend coverage ratio. As a result, the rating of the Class B Preferred Shares has been confirmed at Pfd-2.

It was a violently mixed day for the Canadian preferred share market, with PerpetualDiscounts down 33bp, FixedResets gaining 81bp and DeemedRetractibles off 4bp. The Performance Highlights table is, predictably, stuffed full of winning FixedResets, with ENB, BAM and TRP issues well represented. Volume was average.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150424
Click for Big

TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 22.81 to be $0.51 rich, while TRP.PR.B, resetting 2015-6-30 at +128, is $0.49 cheap at its bid price of 14.69.

impVol_MFC_150424
Click for Big

Another excellent fit (despite a sharp increase in Implied Volatility today), but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum, although it declined substantially today. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.M, resetting at +236 on 2019-12-19, bid at 23.40 to be $0.45 rich, while MFC.PR.L, resetting at +216bp on 2019-6-19, is bid at 21.44 to be $0.70 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150424
Click for Big

The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 19.76 to be $0.61 cheap. BAM.PF.E, resetting at +255bp 2020-3-31 is bid at 22.68 and appears to be $0.71 rich.

impVol_FTS_150424
Click for Big

FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 16.00, looks $0.67 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.K, with a spread of +205bp and resetting 2019-3-1, is bid at 21.40 and is $0.42 rich.

pairs_FR_150424
Click for Big

Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.40%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.09% The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.41%0.

pairs_FF_150424
Click for Big

Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.6534 % 2,158.1
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.6534 % 3,773.3
Floater 3.36 % 3.57 % 56,571 18.37 4 -0.6534 % 2,294.2
OpRet 4.43 % -1.55 % 40,480 0.10 2 -0.0197 % 2,762.1
SplitShare 4.57 % 4.61 % 66,590 3.39 3 0.0267 % 3,224.6
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.0197 % 2,525.6
Perpetual-Premium 5.34 % 3.25 % 65,701 0.09 25 -0.0539 % 2,513.6
Perpetual-Discount 5.13 % 5.10 % 139,637 15.00 9 -0.3251 % 2,782.2
FixedReset 4.55 % 3.89 % 299,839 16.48 86 0.8061 % 2,342.6
Deemed-Retractible 4.92 % 3.46 % 111,549 0.82 36 -0.0365 % 2,646.3
FloatingReset 2.58 % 2.94 % 72,209 6.22 8 -0.1121 % 2,347.5
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
BAM.PR.K Floater -1.72 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 13.74
Evaluated at bid price : 13.74
Bid-YTW : 3.65 %
PWF.PR.T FixedReset 1.06 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 23.23
Evaluated at bid price : 24.87
Bid-YTW : 3.32 %
IFC.PR.A FixedReset 1.08 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 19.71
Bid-YTW : 6.05 %
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 1.10 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.30
Evaluated at bid price : 19.30
Bid-YTW : 4.50 %
ENB.PR.P FixedReset 1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.92
Evaluated at bid price : 19.92
Bid-YTW : 4.46 %
FTS.PR.H FixedReset 1.20 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 16.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.00
Bid-YTW : 3.68 %
ENB.PF.A FixedReset 1.23 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 20.65
Evaluated at bid price : 20.65
Bid-YTW : 4.60 %
ENB.PR.J FixedReset 1.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 20.37
Evaluated at bid price : 20.37
Bid-YTW : 4.54 %
ENB.PF.C FixedReset 1.32 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 20.65
Evaluated at bid price : 20.65
Bid-YTW : 4.60 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset 1.33 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.19
Evaluated at bid price : 22.81
Bid-YTW : 3.74 %
CIU.PR.C FixedReset 1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 15.93
Evaluated at bid price : 15.93
Bid-YTW : 3.68 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset 1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.73
Evaluated at bid price : 23.83
Bid-YTW : 3.37 %
BAM.PF.A FixedReset 1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.78
Evaluated at bid price : 23.72
Bid-YTW : 4.08 %
ENB.PR.F FixedReset 1.41 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.40
Evaluated at bid price : 19.40
Bid-YTW : 4.56 %
PWF.PR.P FixedReset 1.42 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 17.90
Evaluated at bid price : 17.90
Bid-YTW : 3.58 %
FTS.PR.G FixedReset 1.43 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 21.32
Evaluated at bid price : 21.32
Bid-YTW : 3.74 %
TD.PF.C FixedReset 1.51 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.56
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 3.41 %
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 1.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.20
Evaluated at bid price : 19.20
Bid-YTW : 4.44 %
MFC.PR.N FixedReset 1.54 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.10
Bid-YTW : 4.55 %
BAM.PF.G FixedReset 1.61 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.79
Evaluated at bid price : 24.05
Bid-YTW : 4.01 %
CM.PR.P FixedReset 1.62 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.75
Evaluated at bid price : 23.90
Bid-YTW : 3.33 %
MFC.PR.K FixedReset 1.64 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.75
Bid-YTW : 5.14 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset 1.66 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 14.69
Evaluated at bid price : 14.69
Bid-YTW : 3.69 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset 1.70 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.09
Evaluated at bid price : 22.68
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %
FTS.PR.K FixedReset 1.86 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 21.40
Evaluated at bid price : 21.40
Bid-YTW : 3.70 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset 2.24 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.91
Evaluated at bid price : 24.21
Bid-YTW : 3.97 %
HSE.PR.A FixedReset 2.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 15.90
Evaluated at bid price : 15.90
Bid-YTW : 4.26 %
BAM.PR.R FixedReset 2.38 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.76
Evaluated at bid price : 19.76
Bid-YTW : 4.21 %
ENB.PR.H FixedReset 2.63 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 17.92
Evaluated at bid price : 17.92
Bid-YTW : 4.50 %
BAM.PR.T FixedReset 2.90 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 20.22
Evaluated at bid price : 20.22
Bid-YTW : 4.13 %
BAM.PR.Z FixedReset 3.21 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 23.07
Evaluated at bid price : 24.10
Bid-YTW : 4.07 %
BAM.PF.B FixedReset 3.50 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 21.80
Evaluated at bid price : 22.16
Bid-YTW : 4.12 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset 3.80 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 17.23
Evaluated at bid price : 17.23
Bid-YTW : 3.60 %
MFC.PR.F FixedReset 4.29 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 18.25
Bid-YTW : 6.35 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
TD.PF.E FixedReset 547,300 New issue settled today.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 23.10
Evaluated at bid price : 24.91
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %
FTS.PR.H FixedReset 498,240 RBC crossed blocks of 244,400 and 244,200, both at 15.96.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 16.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.00
Bid-YTW : 3.68 %
TRP.PR.B FixedReset 169,011 TD crossed two blocks of 80,000 each, both at 14.72.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 14.69
Evaluated at bid price : 14.69
Bid-YTW : 3.69 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset 127,500 TD crossed two blocks of 52,200 each, both at 16.80.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 17.23
Evaluated at bid price : 17.23
Bid-YTW : 3.60 %
SLF.PR.G FixedReset 83,050 Desjardins crossed 48,100 at 16.45.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.50
Bid-YTW : 7.25 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset 74,275 Desjardins crossed 65,000 at 22.95.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.13
Evaluated at bid price : 22.65
Bid-YTW : 3.72 %
There were 36 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
PWF.PR.A Floater Quote: 17.55 – 18.34
Spot Rate : 0.7900
Average : 0.6129

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 17.55
Evaluated at bid price : 17.55
Bid-YTW : 2.83 %

BAM.PF.E FixedReset Quote: 22.68 – 23.13
Spot Rate : 0.4500
Average : 0.2955

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 22.09
Evaluated at bid price : 22.68
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %

ENB.PR.F FixedReset Quote: 19.40 – 19.87
Spot Rate : 0.4700
Average : 0.3210

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 19.40
Evaluated at bid price : 19.40
Bid-YTW : 4.56 %

CU.PR.C FixedReset Quote: 24.50 – 24.93
Spot Rate : 0.4300
Average : 0.2812

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 23.36
Evaluated at bid price : 24.50
Bid-YTW : 3.36 %

IFC.PR.C FixedReset Quote: 24.10 – 24.47
Spot Rate : 0.3700
Average : 0.2304

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.10
Bid-YTW : 4.13 %

MFC.PR.H FixedReset Quote: 25.34 – 25.78
Spot Rate : 0.4400
Average : 0.3065

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.34
Bid-YTW : 4.03 %

TD.PF.E Settles: A Little Soft On Moderate Volume

Saturday, April 25th, 2015

TD.PF.E, a FixedReset, 3.70%+287, announced April 15 has settled. It will be tracked by HIMIPref™ and has been assigned to the FixedReset subindex.

The issue traded 832,925 shares today (consolidated exchanges) in a range of 24.79-93 before closing at 24.91-92.

Vital statistics are:

TD.PF.E FixedReset YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-24
Maturity Price : 23.10
Evaluated at bid price : 24.91
Bid-YTW : 3.62 %

The calculation for Implied Volatility is a mess with a very poor fit, but this is due to the presence of two NVCC non-compliant issues that are, quite correctly, priced by the market using a different paradigm than the five NVCC compliant issues:

impVol_TD_150424
Click for Big

The fit is greatly improved when only NVCC-compliant issues are used for the calculation:

impVol_TD_150424_compliantOnly
Click for Big

However, as was found at the time of announcement, it is clear that the Implied Volatility of the TD series of FixedResets is unreasonably high and that we have reason to fear severe underperformance by the lower-spread issues, should spreads increase sufficiently to give pause to those who feel that any TD issue will be near par forever, regardless of its terms.

April 23, 2015

Thursday, April 23rd, 2015

Assiduous Reader JP (who always sends me interesting links, unlike most of you) sent me a link a while ago about metals demand in China:

China’s steel and metals markets, a barometer of the world’s second-biggest economy, are “a lot worse than you think,” according to a Bloomberg Intelligence analyst who just completed a tour of the country.

What he saw: idle cranes, empty construction sites and half-finished, abandoned buildings in several cities. Conversations with executives reinforced the “gloomy” outlook.

“China’s metals demand is plummeting,” wrote Kenneth Hoffman, the metals analyst who spent a week traveling across the country, meeting with executives, traders, industry groups and analysts. “Demand is rapidly deteriorating as the government slows its infrastructure building and transforms into a consumer economy.”

This has been reflected in other statistics …:

A Chinese manufacturing gauge fell to a 12-month low in April, suggesting government efforts to cushion a slowdown are yet to revive the nation’s factories.

The preliminary Purchasing Managers’ Index from HSBC Holdings Plc and Markit Economics was at 49.2, missing the median estimate of 49.6 in a Bloomberg survey, which was also March’s final reading. Numbers below 50 indicate contraction.

The first reading of the economy’s health in April may deepen concern over a slowdown after first-quarter data showed the weakest economic expansion since 2009. Policy makers have stepped up efforts to halt the slide, cutting banks’ reserve requirements by 1 percentage point this week.

and in default rates:

The true cost of the debt that China’s real estate developers peddled to eager international investors during a five-year property boom is now becoming clear.

Having found themselves shut out of local bond and loan markets seven years ago, a band of developers began looking elsewhere for funds. First an initial public offering, and then a dollar bond sale. It became a well-trodden path. By 2010, a core group of four — Kaisa Group Holdings Ltd., Fantasia Holdings Group Co., Renhe Commercial Holdings Co., Glorious Property Holdings Ltd. — raised a total of $5.6 billion. On Monday, Kaisa buckled under $10.5 billion of debt and defaulted.

China’s home builders became the single biggest source of dollar junk debt in Asia amid government measures to prevent a property bubble. Developers already funneled $78.8 billion from international equity and bond markets into an industry that’s grown to account for one third of the world’s second-biggest economy. Most of the first rush of dollar offerings, in 2010, falls due in the next two years.

In fact, manufacturing data globally is no great shakes:

Manufacturing Purchasing Managers Indexes disappointed everywhere today.

Japan, China, France, Germany and the U.S. all had PMI reports out today that missed expectations. Japan, China and France had readings below 50, signifying contraction.

It is a continuation of a 2015 downward trend for Japan and China, a continuation of sub-50 numbers for France and a reversal for Germany and the U.S., which had been producing some great numbers so far this year.

Deutsche Bank was subjected to yet another round of regulatory extortion:

Deutsche Bank AG was ordered to pay a record $2.5 billion fine and fire seven employees to settle U.S. and U.K. investigations into its role in rigging Libor.

Deutsche Bank must terminate six London employees and one in Frankfurt who engaged in wrongful conduct, according to New York’s Department of Financial Services, which was among the international regulators involved in the settlement announced Thursday. While the DFS didn’t identify them by name, one is a managing director, four are directors and two are vice presidents. A U.K. unit agreed to plead guilty to a wire-fraud charge as well.

“Deutsche Bank employees engaged in a widespread effort to manipulate benchmark interest rates for financial gain,” DFS Superintendent Benjamin Lawsky said in a statement. “We must remember that markets do not just manipulate themselves: It takes deliberate wrongdoing by individuals.”

Geez, if I commit fraud, fraud so blatant that somebody thinks they can actually prove it in an actual court, I may well go to jail. Those guys are lucky they worked for a firm willing to help lower tax rates in their host countries.

But, in the end, who cares?

In a way it’s a shame that the Libor settlements are mostly about collecting and typesetting embarrassing instant messages. The interesting question in Libor manipulation is whether it caused a net harm: Did Bank X push Libor up while Bank Y pushed it down in ways that mostly reflected and equilibrated underlying interest-rate market dynamics? Or did the banks mostly work together in a way that systematically enriched them as a group at the expense of their clients as a group?

This seems like a very hard question, but also one that is of curiously little interest to the regulators. Among those regulators, the U.K. FCA has the most detailed mechanism for determining penalties; it is explicitly supposed to consider “the amount of benefit gained or loss avoided.” It completely shrugged off that determination for Deutsche Bank:

Deutsche Bank sought to manipulate LIBOR and EURIBOR submissions in order to improve the profitability of its trading positions. The Authority has not determined the amount of benefit gained.

Isn’t that question — for Deutsche Bank, and for the Libor-manipulating banks as a whole — the important one? Shouldn’t the Libor manipulating banks be assessed on the economic impact of their manipulation, and not just on who had the most bad quotes?

Eric Scott Hunsader of Nanex has released two charts showing Sarao’s (alleged, at this point) spoofing on Flash Crash Day:

SaraoSpoof_1
Click for Big

SaraoSpoof_2
Click for Big

He also states (in three separate tweets):

I now believe Nav Sarao may have been screen trading – though each click would result in placing/cancelling many orders

I don’t think Sarao used an automated trading system and could in fact have been trading as he claims (I was wrong yesterday)

Actually, I’m going with a hybrid – the spoofing algo was automated and running background, while Sarao click traded positions

Getting back to my main point in all this – that anti-spoofing rules are clearly unenforceable by regulatory measures and should be scrapped – we can allow ourselves to wonder just how fast the spoofing detection algorithm used to produce those two charts is; whether it could run in anything close to real time; and how many false-positives and false-negatives it might be expected to produce. If it could be done in real-time with reasonable accuracy, that would be a very good thing for HFT. Of course, there’s not much time:

Spoof_3
Click for Big

Look at the time scale on the X-axis! The spoofs last less than a second.

From Alberta to Australia, politicians all look the same:

Even for a country with a history of commodity booms, this one was gargantuan.

Over the decade to 2013, Australia racked up $1 trillion in extra exports from the previous 10 years, thanks largely to China’s once-insatiable demand.

Despite the opportunity of funding infrastructure to meet the needs of millions of new citizens, the nation largely blew the extra cash on month-to-month spending. The added A$300 billion ($232 billion) in government revenue generated from the boom went to things like tax cuts and subsidies.

It was a mixed day for the Canadian preferred share market, with PerpetualDiscounts off 10bp, FixedResets up 49bp and DeemedRetractibles gaining 1bp. ENB, BAM and TRP FixedResets are all prominent on the Performance Highlights table, which is comprised exclusively of winners. Volume was high.

For as long as the FixedReset market is so violently unsettled, I’ll keep publishing updates of the more interesting and meaningful series of FixedResets’ Implied Volatilities. This doesn’t include Enbridge because although Enbridge has a large number of issues outstanding, all of which are quite liquid, the range of Issue Reset Spreads is too small for decent conclusions. The low is 212bp (ENB.PR.H; second-lowest is ENB.PR.D at 237bp) and the high is a mere 268 for ENB.PF.G.

Remember that all rich /cheap assessments are:
» based on Implied Volatility Theory only
» are relative only to other FixedResets from the same issuer
» assume constant GOC-5 yield
» assume constant Implied Volatility
» assume constant spread

Here’s TRP:

impVol_TRP_150423
Click for Big

TRP.PR.E, which resets 2019-10-30 at +235, is bid at 22.51 to be $0.39 rich, while TRP.PR.B, resetting 2015-6-30 at +128, is $0.56 cheap at its bid price of 14.45.

impVol_MFC_150423
Click for Big

Another excellent fit, but the numbers are perplexing. Implied Volatility for MFC continues to be a conundrum, although it declined substantially today. It is still too high if we consider that NVCC rules will never apply to these issues; it is still too low if we consider them to be NVCC non-compliant issues (and therefore with Deemed Maturities in the call schedule).

Most expensive is MFC.PR.M, resetting at +236 on 2019-12-19, bid at 23.50 to be $0.77 rich, while MFC.PR.K, resetting at +222bp on 2018-9-19, is bid at 21.40 to be $0.73 cheap.

impVol_BAM_150423
Click for Big

This fit has deteriorated.

The cheapest issue relative to its peers is BAM.PR.R, resetting at +230bp on 2016-6-30, bid at 19.30 to be $0.66 cheap. BAM.PF.E, resetting at +255bp 2020-3-31 is bid at 22.30 and appears to be $0.81 rich.

impVol_FTS_150423
Click for Big

FTS.PR.H, with a spread of +145bp, and bid at 15.81, looks $0.69 cheap and resets 2015-6-1. FTS.PR.M, with a spread of +248bp and resetting 2019-12-1, is bid at 24.22 and is $0.48 rich.

pairs_FR_150423
Click for Big

Investment-grade pairs now predict an average over the next five years of about 0.40%, but TRP.PR.A / TRP.PR.F is an outlier at -0.27% The DC.PR.B / DC.PR.D pair retains its customary outlier status, with a breakeven rate of -1.47%.

pairs_FF_150423
Click for Big

Shall we just say that this exhibits a high level of confidence in the continued rapacity of Canadian banks?

HIMIPref™ Preferred Indices
These values reflect the December 2008 revision of the HIMIPref™ Indices

Values are provisional and are finalized monthly
Index Mean
Current
Yield
(at bid)
Median
YTW
Median
Average
Trading
Value
Median
Mod Dur
(YTW)
Issues Day’s Perf. Index Value
Ratchet 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.4005 % 2,172.2
FixedFloater 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 -0.4005 % 3,798.1
Floater 3.34 % 3.54 % 57,211 18.44 4 -0.4005 % 2,309.3
OpRet 4.43 % -2.24 % 38,178 0.11 2 0.0000 % 2,762.6
SplitShare 4.57 % 4.54 % 65,865 3.39 3 -0.2530 % 3,223.7
Interest-Bearing 0.00 % 0.00 % 0 0.00 0 0.0000 % 2,526.1
Perpetual-Premium 5.33 % 2.22 % 66,168 0.09 25 -0.0476 % 2,514.9
Perpetual-Discount 5.11 % 5.11 % 140,004 15.05 9 -0.0989 % 2,791.3
FixedReset 4.60 % 3.93 % 296,315 16.31 85 0.4902 % 2,323.9
Deemed-Retractible 4.92 % 3.30 % 110,094 0.82 36 0.0100 % 2,647.3
FloatingReset 2.58 % 2.94 % 72,878 6.23 8 0.1712 % 2,350.1
Performance Highlights
Issue Index Change Notes
ENB.PR.Y FixedReset 1.01 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 19.09
Evaluated at bid price : 19.09
Bid-YTW : 4.55 %
TD.PF.C FixedReset 1.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.37
Evaluated at bid price : 23.15
Bid-YTW : 3.48 %
TD.PF.A FixedReset 1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.57
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 3.43 %
TRP.PR.E FixedReset 1.12 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.01
Evaluated at bid price : 22.51
Bid-YTW : 3.80 %
ENB.PF.E FixedReset 1.18 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 20.52
Evaluated at bid price : 20.52
Bid-YTW : 4.66 %
ENB.PR.D FixedReset 1.39 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 18.91
Evaluated at bid price : 18.91
Bid-YTW : 4.51 %
SLF.PR.I FixedReset 1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 24.67
Bid-YTW : 3.93 %
PWF.PR.T FixedReset 1.40 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 23.13
Evaluated at bid price : 24.61
Bid-YTW : 3.37 %
TRP.PR.A FixedReset 1.55 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 19.60
Evaluated at bid price : 19.60
Bid-YTW : 3.73 %
BAM.PF.A FixedReset 1.56 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.61
Evaluated at bid price : 23.39
Bid-YTW : 4.15 %
BAM.PF.F FixedReset 1.63 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.67
Evaluated at bid price : 23.68
Bid-YTW : 4.08 %
ENB.PR.B FixedReset 1.71 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 18.46
Evaluated at bid price : 18.46
Bid-YTW : 4.61 %
TRP.PR.D FixedReset 1.76 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.03
Evaluated at bid price : 22.50
Bid-YTW : 3.75 %
TRP.PR.C FixedReset 1.90 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 16.60
Evaluated at bid price : 16.60
Bid-YTW : 3.74 %
ENB.PF.G FixedReset 1.94 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 4.58 %
TD.PF.B FixedReset 2.09 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.59
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 3.43 %
MFC.PR.M FixedReset 2.17 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 4.40 %
BAM.PF.E FixedReset 2.53 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 21.85
Evaluated at bid price : 22.30
Bid-YTW : 4.11 %
BAM.PR.X FixedReset 5.25 % YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 17.63
Evaluated at bid price : 17.63
Bid-YTW : 4.13 %
Volume Highlights
Issue Index Shares
Traded
Notes
TRP.PR.C FixedReset 97,975 RBC crossed 55,600 at 16.30.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 16.60
Evaluated at bid price : 16.60
Bid-YTW : 3.74 %
BNS.PR.Z FixedReset 68,230 Scotia crossed 60,800 at 22.10.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2022-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 22.17
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
SLF.PR.G FixedReset 63,805 Desjardins crossed 47,400 at 16.50.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Hard Maturity
Maturity Date : 2025-01-31
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 16.42
Bid-YTW : 7.30 %
HSE.PR.A FixedReset 59,445 RBC crossed 49,700 at 15.60.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 15.55
Evaluated at bid price : 15.55
Bid-YTW : 4.35 %
RY.PR.J FixedReset 58,826 RBC crossed 50,000 at 24.77.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 23.09
Evaluated at bid price : 24.81
Bid-YTW : 3.50 %
BNS.PR.L Deemed-Retractible 55,756 RBC crossed 50,000 at 25.28.
YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Call
Maturity Date : 2016-04-27
Maturity Price : 25.00
Evaluated at bid price : 25.25
Bid-YTW : 3.41 %
There were 50 other index-included issues trading in excess of 10,000 shares.
Wide Spread Highlights
Issue Index Quote Data and Yield Notes
ENB.PF.G FixedReset Quote: 21.00 – 22.30
Spot Rate : 1.3000
Average : 0.7404

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 21.00
Evaluated at bid price : 21.00
Bid-YTW : 4.58 %

TRP.PR.E FixedReset Quote: 22.51 – 23.30
Spot Rate : 0.7900
Average : 0.5615

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.01
Evaluated at bid price : 22.51
Bid-YTW : 3.80 %

BAM.PF.G FixedReset Quote: 23.67 – 24.20
Spot Rate : 0.5300
Average : 0.3200

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.62
Evaluated at bid price : 23.67
Bid-YTW : 4.10 %

TD.PF.A FixedReset Quote: 23.50 – 23.98
Spot Rate : 0.4800
Average : 0.3210

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 22.57
Evaluated at bid price : 23.50
Bid-YTW : 3.43 %

BAM.PF.B FixedReset Quote: 21.41 – 21.78
Spot Rate : 0.3700
Average : 0.2463

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 21.41
Evaluated at bid price : 21.41
Bid-YTW : 4.29 %

PWF.PR.A Floater Quote: 17.55 – 18.09
Spot Rate : 0.5400
Average : 0.4188

YTW SCENARIO
Maturity Type : Limit Maturity
Maturity Date : 2045-04-23
Maturity Price : 17.55
Evaluated at bid price : 17.55
Bid-YTW : 2.83 %